BMW 3 series E30

Since 1983-1994 of release

Repair and car operation



BMW E30
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
   14.2. Changed numbers
   14.3. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
   14.4. Durability of the car
   14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
   14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
   14.7. A rule 35
   14.8. A choice of the second-hand car
   14.9. Engine oils
   14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
   14.11. Occurrence in deposit oil
   14.12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
   14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
   14.14. It is more likely live, than it is dead …
   14.15. It is not got - a good advice
   14.16. Visit to car-care centre
   14.17. A gear belt for a mechanism drive timing
   14.18. Deterioration of pistons
   14.19. Valves
   14.20. Bearings of engines
   14.21. Engine pollution
   14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it has failed
   14.23. The conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
   14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
   14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
   14.26. That it is necessary to know at purchase of the air filter
   14.27. An engine overheat
   14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine
   14.29. The accumulator
   14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
   14.31. What to do with the failed generator
   14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
   14.33. The catalyst
   14.34. Three in one - or how to save the catalyst
   14.35. slip
   14.36. Features of operation of brake system
   14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
   14.38. Brake liquids
   14.39. ABS: a natural choice
   14.40. Wheel disks
   14.41. We update wheel disks
   14.42. The scheme of marks of an automobile tyre
   14.43. Metal corrosion
   14.44. An automake-up
   14.45. What creaks?
   14.46. The hatch
   14.47. A safety pillow: troubles or pleasures?
   14.48. We fit well?
   14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
   14.50. Why headlights grow dull
   14.51. "Галогенки"
   14.52. About correct adjustment of headlights
   14.53. The electric motor
   14.54. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?





14.46. The hatch
THE GENERAL DATA

To reach such difference of temperatures, basically, simply, it is enough to establish the conditioner in the car. But the device недешев, and in service is a little whimsical. It is possible поманипулировать glasses of windows, but optimum result to achieve hardly it will be possible. From small щелочки effect any, and in well slightly opened window – here not before difference of temperatures the wind rushes into 6–7 degrees, especially in the winter.

The hatch can become the conciliatory proposal. Thanks to it it is possible to improve a microclimate of your car essentially.

At movement speed of an air stream over the car is great enough. Inside salon it practically is absent. Accordingly, pressure of air in salon is more. But it is necessary hardly to slightly open the hatch as air from within will start to be extended. It is easy for checking up, having lighted in "залюкованном" the car. The smoke from a cigarette a stream will start to come to light, without leaving in salon even a smell. And it should affect a microclimate in the car (and in direct, and figuratively), especially, when in it are smoking and non-smoking.

Because in salon of the car with the hatch there is an intensive exchange of air, the heater here too works in the winter more effectively, providing necessary temperature balance.

Except all mentioned, it is possible to note one more important thing. In case of road accident when the exit from the car through regular doors and windows is complicated or impossible, it is possible to take advantage of the hatch as an emergency exit.

By the way, have noticed? Oddish, by sight linguists, the word "залюкованный" has entered into a lexicon of motorists thoroughly enough and in anybody any more does not cause bewilderment. As, however, and the hatch in the car roof, considered first a limit of luxury and an accessory only very expensive foreign cars.

What hatches happen?

Conditionally they can be divided into two classes. The first are hatches which are established on the car on manufacturer. They, as a rule, are opaque (though there are exceptions), and in open position the cover hides under a ceiling covering. There are especially "heaped up", consisting of two halves and providing some operating modes: air fence, an extract, the strengthened extract. A drive at them in most cases either mechanical (manually), or already electrified.

The second class concern врезные hatches. They can be seen on the majority both import, and our cars. They, as a rule, differ from "firm" a transparent cover and one position at which of the car there is an extract внутрисалонного air. (Though there are models which allow to uncover and enjoy completely the open sky over a head. But about it a bit later.)

Than are good врезные hatches? Conclusive advantage considers that they are unified: to establish this miracle it is possible on any car, from Cadillac to "Zaporozhtsa". Process of installation does not occupy a lot of time, naturally, in the presence of skills. At the expert on it leaves hour ones and a half-two. The hatch complete set includes a paper template on which the window in a ceiling is cut out. Psychologically procedure, of course, not from pleasant – on the new car open a roof, as a can. However, at all on new (namely such "democratism" differ врезные hatches). But the anticipation of advantages of this simple device should overcome sincere discomfort.

After "skin" is removed, the roof amplifier leaves, to tell more precisely, that its part which has got to "a window" aperture. To it on change the framework of the hatch which at all consults with the duties is worse further comes. Penultimate action is removal of a part of an upholstery of a ceiling. And in summary – the installation of the hatch which is bearing a faint resemblance to assemblage пялец for embroidery on a fabric. After that it is not recommended to use the hatch within three days: hermetic which apply at installation, should fall asleep. (If you had to face "covers" – so name hatches on сленге, – which flow, it occurs that last requirement is not fulfilled.)

With what happen врезные hatches? The choice here, however, as well as disorder of the prices, is great: from the most simple, opening in one position and managing to the owners in $180 together with installation, to "heaped up" electric for $700 with the same installation.

But the most optimum variant, in our opinion, – installation of the hatch opening discretely, in some fixed positions, and providing the open corner most suitable in a concrete case. Usually these "covers" have from two to four fixed positions or a mechanical drive in the form of the rotating handle.

In the majority hatches are executed from the blacked out glass. But sometimes even such protection does not suffice, especially, when the sun in zenith. In this case can help sun-protection шторки which are included into the complete set of some "covers".

There are hatches which not simply provide an extract of air from salon, but also are demountable. Such variant will suit fans of a safari. In the open hatch it is possible to be put out either with a gun, or with the camera. Only in the car it is necessary to prepare in advance a place for removed "cover". It though is executed from каленого, and sometimes and the glass reinforced by a microwire, nevertheless demands the accurate reference.

Most expensive and labour-consuming at installation it is considered the electric hatch. If it not сдвижной the principle of its work differs nothing from others, simply process of opening is entrusted an electromotor. By and large – overindulgence, but in the presence of the firm alarm system (providing at statement on protection lock-out of all glasses) you any more will not forget to close the hatch, it it will make.

Сдвижной the hatch gives to owners much more ample opportunities. It is possible to tell, the sum of taken all together. Here only in the shifted condition it bears a faint resemblance обтекатель on the main tractor. Though it can be convenient addition for the car to which often should drag the trailer-summer residence. In the car not hot, and the economy of fuel is available. Has pressed the button – and it is ready. However, the price in $700 bites a little. However everyone is free to choose. As a healthy microclimate in the car – not luxury, and necessity.

Variants of hatches

THE NAME
THE COUNTRY-MANUFACTURER
FEATURES OF THE DESIGN
THE PRICE WITH INSTALLATION (USD)
Nakita
Hungary
2 positions otkr.-zakr.
180
Nakita Extra
Hungary
3 fix. Positions, demountable glass
220
Air Light
Italy
4 fix. Positions, demountable glass
260
Iceland
France
4 fix. Positions, demountable glass
270
Galileo
France
вращающ. The handle, demountable glass
280
Galileo
France
вращающ. The handle, demountable glass, шторки
300
Brezza
Italy
The electric drive
700

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