BMW 3 series E30

Since 1983-1994 of release

Repair and car operation



BMW E30
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
   14.2. Changed numbers
   14.3. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
   14.4. Durability of the car
   14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
   14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
   14.7. A rule 35
   14.8. A choice of the second-hand car
   14.9. Engine oils
   14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
   14.11. Occurrence in deposit oil
   14.12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
   14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
   14.14. It is more likely live, than it is dead …
   14.15. It is not got - a good advice
   14.16. Visit to car-care centre
   14.17. A gear belt for a mechanism drive timing
   14.18. Deterioration of pistons
   14.19. Valves
   14.20. Bearings of engines
   14.21. Engine pollution
   14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it has failed
   14.23. The conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
   14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
   14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
   14.26. That it is necessary to know at purchase of the air filter
   14.27. An engine overheat
   14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine
   14.29. The accumulator
   14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
   14.31. What to do with the failed generator
   14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
   14.33. The catalyst
   14.34. Three in one - or how to save the catalyst
   14.35. slip
   14.36. Features of operation of brake system
   14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
   14.38. Brake liquids
   14.39. ABS: a natural choice
   14.40. Wheel disks
   14.41. We update wheel disks
   14.42. The scheme of marks of an automobile tyre
   14.43. Metal corrosion
   14.44. An automake-up
   14.45. What creaks?
   14.46. The hatch
   14.47. A safety pillow: troubles or pleasures?
   14.48. We fit well?
   14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
   14.50. Why headlights grow dull
   14.51. "Галогенки"
   14.52. About correct adjustment of headlights
   14.53. The electric motor
   14.54. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?





14.50. Why headlights grow dull
THE GENERAL DATA

Or how to achieve the most effective illumination

Let's talk about why in due course headlights start to give dim light, probably, and sufficient on deserted highway, but absolutely inefficient on recovered, especially, if the counter stream is great.

Sometimes sin on the generator and a pressure regulator, in it there is a true share: malfunctions of these devices are appreciable by "the movement" of a light stream as though submitting to quantity of turns of the engine. It is clear that unimportant work of the generator and a regulator напрядения influences not only on efficiency of headlights – the accumulator, or not receiving a high-grade charge first of all suffers, or opposite – receiving it is a lot of it, from what the electrolit "boils". Headlights in this case play only an indicator role though superfluous pressure strongly reduces a resource of lamps. Constant dim radiation arises for other reasons: or strongly the reflector becomes soiled or becomes covered by corrosion, or the internal surface of a flask of a lamp becomes covered by dark touch.

If the durability of a reflector depends on many factors about which we still will talk even quite serviceable lamp "types" a dark touch for any 30-50 thousand kilometres. Its efficiency in that case percent on 20 below the new.

The reflector "lives" longer. In modern cars the reflector and headlight glass are, so to say, an integrated whole that in the turn first, of course, provides the optimal light bunch, and in the second – tightness. The tightness lack promoted penetration in a headlight of a dust which then burnt on a reflector and reduced it всетоотдачу. The Same occurred and to a moisture actively condensed on a reflector that caused corrosion.

About five years ago with corrosion tried to struggle in any improbable way, filling in in a headlight a red brake liquid. The fashion on this, is faster harmful, rather than a useful invention has passed, but there was other extreme measure – плексиглазовые "points" on glasses. Besides, that such protection reduces светоотдачу, "smearing" a direction of beams, it causes strong heating and обгорание a reflector. By what in that case use from the glass protected from stones if the reflector – not clearly suffers, especially, as it has already been told, glass and a reflector nowadays represent an integrated whole? By the way, therefore it be no point to buy "lens" separately: good light from such headlight never to achieve.

At last, as to adjustments. Even the perfect headlights supplied галогенными with lamps, can appear on the journey useless if they are adjusted somehow. Not everyone, and not always has a possibility to make adjustment at the stand. Therefore rather quite good results give the old, well tested ways of "house" adjustment. The car establish on an equal platform, measure 30 metres and put on a mark, let us assume, a brick. One of the headlights, included on a passing light, something veil, and in the second – rotate adjusting screws so that light exposure border vertically to bring to the put brick. The same do and with other headlight. A headlight regulate in a horizontal direction, but already without a brick: here it is important to achieve, that bunches from both headlights did not fork and did not converge in the middle.

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