Since 1993 of release
Repair and car operation
Cars Citroyon Xantia - the summary
Acquisition of spare parts and identification numbers of the car
Technology of performance of repair procedures
Tools and the workplace equipment
Operations procedure in extreme situations
Поддомкрачивание and towage
Change of wheels
Start of the engine from an auxiliary source
Identification of leaks
Preparation of the car for checkup
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
Features of the countries PDD of Europe
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine repair
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Power shafts
+ Uniform hydraulic system
+ Brake system
+ Running gear and steering
+ Body and salon furnish
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes
Tools and the workplace equipment
The general information
Ability to pick up the good tool is one of basic requirements for each motorist, planning to try the forces in performance of procedures of maintenance service or car repairs. At first sight, the expenses connected with acquisition of the demanded complete set of tools, can seem incommensurably big, however at сравнивании them with the expenses interfaced to performance of procedures of routine maintenance and the elementary car repairs on a car repair shop, will appear quite reasonable.
To help the average mechanic-fan with a choice of the tool necessary at carrying out of various procedures on care by the car, described in the given Management, the lists of three toolings conditionally entitled as are more low resulted: "the Tooling for routine maintenance and the minimum repair";" Tooling for the general and major repairs "and" the Special tool ". The owners of cars who do not have practical experience of carrying out of mechanical works, should begin with performance of the procedures limited to application of tools from the first list, raising thus the qualification and gradually expanding a range of the applied tool. With experience acquisition it is possible to pass to performance more challenges, as required supplementing a tooling available on hands. After a while the received skills will allow to start performance of more difficult works demanding application of the tool from the second list (for the general and car major repairs). When the reached qualification will allow to save considerable means for independent performance of difficult repair procedures, it is possible to think of acquisition of the special tool.
Tooling on routine maintenance and the minimum car repairs
The list resulted more low includes a minimum of procedures of routine maintenance necessary for performance and insignificant car repairs of tools. Composers of the present Management insist on acquisition of the complete set of the combined wrenches (with usual рожковой a head on one end and with накидной on other). Despite the big cost of such complete set in comparison with cost of a set usual рожковых keys, expenses will be justified, since the given keys possess advantages of both types.
• the Complete set of the combined keys 8 х 19 mm
Tooling for the general and car major repairs
The given tool is necessary at carrying out of any operations on repair of the engine of the car and it is offered in addition to the first list. The given list includes the complete set of replaceable face heads. At considerable cost, it having appeared in the fullness of time near at hand, the set of replaceable heads can bring invaluable advantage, thanks to the universality and convenience in circulation, — in particular in a combination with entering into the complete set of various type drives. Composers of the present Management recommend to use drives inch section 1/2 (instead of 3/8 inches) since they though are more expensive, can be used practically with any type динамометрических keys (in an ideal, the good mechanic should have at the order both types of drives). Cheaper alternative to the complete set of replaceable face heads is the set of tubular keys.
In the course of performance of some mechanical works there can be a necessity for additional use of special tools from the third list.
• the Reversive ratchet drive (for use with replaceable face heads)
The special tool
The tools being adequately expensive, not required regularly, or demanding at use performance of instructions of manufacturers get to the given list. If the field of activity of the reader does not include frequent performance of difficult mechanical operations, acquisition of such tool will be a bad investment of means — reasonably to get it by sharing the cost with friends or to hire in car-care centre workshops.
Those tools which can be found in retail trade or which are issued for distribution on the services-centres are brought in the list only. Sometimes in the text of the Management the reader will meet references with instructions on necessity of use of such special tools. Usually authors try to offer in parallel the alternative method, allowing to avoid obligatory application of the remote tool. In case to avoid application of the special tool it is impossible, and its acquisition in using is problematic, performance of corresponding works is better for entrusting experts of car-care centre.
• the Tool for grinding in of valves
• the Tool for removal/installation of piston rings
• the Vertical drill for processing of edges of cylinders
• the Ex-tractor of spherical hinges
• the Stroboscope (with the inductive gauge)
• the Manual combined pump (vacuum/delivery)
To the mechanic-fan, the beginner in respect of acquisition of the necessary tool for performance of procedures of routine maintenance and car repairs can be offered some practical advice. By preparation for carrying out of procedures of routine maintenance or the minimum car repairs it is reasonable to get the tool separately. On the other hand, in case of planning of wide works, it is easier and more reliable to buy the complete set of the modern tool in shop of a retail network. Complete set acquisition usually manages slightly more cheaply individual purchases and is often supplemented with the enclosed tool box. Further, for choice expansion, separate tools, additional complete sets and a tool box большего can be bought in addition the size. Gradual expansion of the complete set of tools will allow to stretch expenses and to be defined in a choice of really necessary tools.
Specialised tool shops are a unique source of acquisition of some special tools. Irrespective of a source, try to avoid cheap purchases, in particular at a choice of screw-drivers and replaceable face heads as term of their service for certain will appear short. The expenses connected with replacement and restoration of the cheap tool, as a result will appear incomparably more considerable, than expenses for unitary acquisition of the qualitative goods.
Care of the tool and its storage
The good tool is a valuable investment of means, therefore it is reasonable to take care of keeping it clean and constant availability for service. After using the tool before combining it in a storage place, always carefully wipe its surface pure dry rags, deleting from it traces of a dirt, greasing and the rests of metal particles. Never leave the tool scattered on a workplace. After end of works attentively check space under a cowl and under the car on presence of the forgotten tool.
For storage of such tool as screw-drivers, flat-nose pliers, hammers, etc., the tool comb fixed in a convenient place on a wall of garage is ideally suited. Sets of wrenches and replaceable face heads should be stored in metal boxes. The measuring tool should be stored in inaccessible to influence of corrosion, dry and pure places.
Always it is necessary to pay attention to a condition of working surfaces of the tool. The shock part бойка a hammer in the course of work is subject расклепыванию, screw-drivers lose in due course sharpening of the stings. Do not stint to give a few time and attention to that by means of an emery paper or a file to remove расклепы and to put in order cutting edges of tools. It is irreversible the worn out or damaged tool replace.
At careful leaving the tool will serve to you belief and the truth during very long term.
The workplace equipment
Speaking about the tool, it is necessary to recollect the workplace equipment. If carrying out of more serious work, than simple maintenance service is necessary, it is necessary to take care of preparation of the suitable worker of a platform.
It is necessary to recognise that many motorists are compelled to make removal of the engine and other similar works far not in the conditions of garage or a workshop. In any case the important requirement is roof or awning presence.
Whenever possible, any procedures on dismantling of knots of the car should be made on a pure flat workbench, or a strong table of convenient height. The workbench should be necessarily equipped by a vice. Presence of a vice with disclosing to 100 mm and with soft overlays on sponges is sufficient.
As already it was mentioned above, on a working platform the pure dry place for storage of the tool, lubricant and cleaning liquids, шпаклевок, paint and varnish materials, etc. should be equipped
It is necessary to notice that absolutely necessary tool is the electrodrill, hence, the working platform should be equipped by the power supply for its connection. Presence of a drill with a cartridge to 9.5 mm and a set of qualitative drills appreciably will facilitate carrying out of many procedures.
At last, on a workplace always there should be a sufficient stock of old newspapers and pure, not ворсящейся the rags, intended for cleaning of a working platform, the tool and car details.
It is necessary to hand over working off in the centres on recycling in tightly closed container.
Never make any works on the barefaced painted surface кузовных car panels, use protective overlays on wings, or, at the worst, cover the polished surfaces with old blankets.
On the main page