Subaru Legacy/Outback

1999-2003 of release

Repair and car operation



Subaru Legasi, Autbek
- Cars Subaru Legacy, Outback
   Identification numbers and information labels
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Automobile химикалии, cleaners, hermetics
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual box and differential
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems

The owners of cars who are carrying out procedures of routine maintenance of a vehicle Routine maintenance of the present Management of the schedule agrees resulted in the Head will be extremely seldom compelled to address to materials of the given Section. Reliability of knots and the components established on modern cars is so high that at timely performance of replacement of the materials of details worn out and failed as a result of ageing the probability of their sudden refusal is smallest. Refusals seldom occur spontaneously and usually are a consequence time of long development of defect. In particular, failure of mechanical components practically always is preceded by occurrence and evolution of the characteristic symptoms shown at times for many thousand of kilometres of run to the full. The same components which can fail unexpectedly, usually are not vital for functioning of the basic knots and car systems, or are easily replaced in road conditions. Basic step at revealing of the reasons of any refusal is the choice of a point of the beginning of searches. Often the reason appears lying on a surface, however in certain cases it is necessary to work, making small investigation. The motorist who has made half-dozen casual checks, replacements and corrections quite has to find out a cause of a failure (or its symptom), however such approach in any way it is impossible to name chance reasonable, in view of its labour input and aimlessness of expenses of time and means. The quiet logic approach to search of the failed knot or a component appears much more effective. Necessarily it is necessary to take into consideration all preceding breakage, sometimes insignificant, symptoms and guarding signals, such as loss of capacity developed by the engine, change of indications of measuring instruments, occurrence of unusual sounds and smells, etc. do not forget that failure of such components as safety locks or spark plugs can be only a symptom of the more deeply latent infringement.

More low in the given subsection simple enough scheme of diagnostics of most often meeting refusals is resulted. The reasons of infringements and their symptoms are grouped on the basis of the relation to functioning of any concrete unit or system: "Engine", «cooling System» etc.

Without dependence by nature refusal in a basis of investigation of its reason identical base principles are always put:

Make sure of correctness of definition of symptoms of refusal. Told means confidence of delimitation of area of searches that is especially important with the help in refusal diagnostics to other motorist who cannot adequately state symptoms of taking place infringement.

Try not to look through obvious infringements. For example, if the engine is not started, do not hesitate to check up fuel presence in a petrol tank (thus it is not necessary to take on trust statements of the owner of the faulty car). In default electric equipments first of all it is necessary to check up a condition and reliability of fastening клеммных electroconducting connections, only after that it makes sense to get diagnostic devices.

Try to eliminate a cause of a failure, instead of its symptom. Replacement of the discharged battery new will help to make the engine start, however the taking place reason of a discharge of the old battery remains not eliminated that will lead to fast failure and new. Similarly, replacement of the spark plugs thrown by oil will allow to restore for some time serviceability of functioning of the engine, however refusal by all means will soon repeat (if the reason lay not simply in application of candles not that type).

Do not take on trust any statements! Remember that recently established "new" component also can appear faulty, in particular, if it long time has lain in a luggage carrier - it is not necessary to exclude a component from the list checked only for the reason that it is new or is recently established. In case of neglect it is not necessary to be surprised with performance of the made recommendation, when the cause of a failure revealed, at last, will appear lying on a surface from the very beginning.

Problem diagnostics and the reasons of decrease in efficiency of return of the engine

The engine is not turned at attempt of its start

· the ignition switch Is faulty.
· polar plugs of the battery, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires Are oxidised.
· the battery Is discharged or faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of system of a charge Is broken.
· It is torn off, or electroconducting of a chain of system of start, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections is otherwise damaged.
· the traction relay or the starter switch Has failed.
· the starter electromotor Is faulty.
· a teeth приводной gear wheels of a starter or a gear wreath of a flywheel Is broken off or worn out.
· the starter gear wheel is jammed by Privodnaja in a gear wreath of a flywheel.
· the gauge-switch of the permission of start (model with АТ) or the gauge-switch of disconnection of a chain of a starter (model with РКПП) Is faulty
· АТ it is not translated in position «Р» or «N».
· the Engine is jammed (is jammed cranked or a camshaft, or has occurred залипание any of pistons on a wall of the cylinder), - try to turn it manually for a bolt of a pulley of a cranked shaft.

The engine is turned, but not started

· the fuel tank Is empty.
· the battery (the engine is turned too slowly) Is discharged.
· polar plugs of the battery, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires Are oxidised.
· the starter Is faulty.
· passableness of fuel lines Is broken, the gasoline pump is faulty, or ventilating branch pipes of a fuel tank are blocked.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a cover of a head of cylinders, or is damaged its sealing lining.
· valves Have burnt through, or the density of their pressing to saddles is broken.
· It is damaged () a valve core (ов).
· the spring () Has worn out or has broken клапанная.
· adjustment of backlashes of valves Is broken.
· Are worn out or piston rings have burnt through.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between engine cylinders компрессионное pressure.
· the moisture has got To fuel.
· unsuitable oil (low viscosity) Is used
· the fuel injector () Is faulty.
· components of system of ignition Are humidified or damaged.
· serviceability of functioning of system of ignition Is broken.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· It is torn off or electroconducting of a chain of system of ignition, ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections is otherwise damaged, or the ignition coil is faulty.
· As a result of deterioration of components of drive ГРМ installations of phases timing are broken.
· It is torn off газораспределительный a belt/chain, or ослабло effort of its tension.

Start of the cold engine is complicated

· the battery Is discharged.
· polar plugs of the battery, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires Are oxidised.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· the system of giving of fuel Is faulty.
· fuel leaks through an injector () Take place.
· Has fallen компрессионное pressure.

Start of the hot engine is complicated

· the filtering element of an air cleaner Is polluted, or its passableness is otherwise broken.
· the system of giving of fuel (fuel does not arrive to injectors) Is faulty.
· Are oxidised клеммные battery connections (especially weight).
· quality of grounding of the power unit Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of system of giving of fuel or engine management Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) Is broken.
· Has fallen компрессионное pressure.

Starter input in gearing is complicated, or accompanied by extraneous noise

· teeths приводной gear wheels of a starter or a gear wreath of a flywheel Are broken off or worn out.
· Oslabli or blurt out bolts of fastening of a starter.
· internal components of a starter Are worn out or damaged.

The engine is started, but at once глохнет

· It is torn off or electroconducting of a chain of system of ignition, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections on the module of ignition or the generator is otherwise damaged.
· fuel starvation of an injector (ов) Takes place.
· the filtering element of an air cleaner Is polluted.
· depression losses Take place.
· installation of turns of idling Is broken.
· leaks of soaked up air Take place, or vacuum lines are damaged.
· adjustment of backlashes of valves Is broken.
· unsuitable oil (low viscosity) Is used.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between engine cylinders компрессионное pressure.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· Installations of phases timing are broken as a result of deterioration of components of drive ГРМ.

During a parking under the engine are formed begin to flow oils

· leaks through a pallet lining картера, or a drain stopper Take place.
· leaks through landing consolidation of the gauge-switch of pressure of oil Take place.
· leaks through a lining of a head of cylinders Take place.
· leaks through epiploons of shaft of the engine Take place.
· leaks in the oil pump Take place.

Stability of turns of idling is broken

· depression losses Take place.
· the system valve recycling the fulfilled gases (EGR) Is faulty.
· passableness of the valve of system of ventilation картера (PCV) Is broken.
· the filtering element of an air cleaner Is blocked.
· the Gasoline pump does not provide the demanded expense of fuel.
· tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders Is broken.
· elements of drive ГРМ Are worn out.
· working ledges of cams of a camshaft (ов) Are worn out.
· adjustment of backlashes of valves Is broken.
· Have burnt through, or valves leaky nestle on the saddles.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of system of ignition Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of a thermostatic air cleaner Is broken.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure.
· passableness of a fuel injector (ов) Is broken.
· installation of turns of idling Is broken.

Ignition admissions on single turns take place

· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· Are faulty ВВ wires of spark plugs.
· components of system of ignition Are humidified or damaged.
· short circuit in an ignition chain Takes place.
· quality of contact connections ВВ of wires Is broken, or is faulty the ignition module.
· the ignition coil Is faulty.
· components of system of decrease in toxicity Are faulty, or passableness of a corresponding path is broken.
· leaks in valve EGR Take place.
· passableness of the fuel filter Is broken, or fuel is polluted.
· depression losses Take place.
· installations of turns or quality of a mix of idling Are broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure.
· depression losses in the inlet pipeline, or through connecting vacuum hoses Take place.
· passableness of fuel injectors Is broken.

Ignition admissions take place at movement on transfer

· passableness of the fuel filter / a connecting path of the power supply system Is broken.
· pressure of fuel Has fallen.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· reliability of fastening of contact connections ВВ of wires Is broken, or is faulty the ignition module.
· "breakdown" of electroconducting ВВ of candle wires Takes place.
· components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases Are faulty.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure.
· the ignition system, or ослабли contact connections of its electroconducting Is faulty.
· depression losses Take place.
· the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it has fallen.
· ventilation of a fuel tank Is broken.

Idling turns are excessively high

· smoothness of a course of a drive throttle заслонки Is broken.
· installation of turns of idling Is broken.
· leaks in an inlet air path Take place.
· serviceability of functioning of a control system Is broken by the engine.

The battery "does not hold" a charge

· It is worn out приводной a generator belt, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken.
· polar plugs, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires Are oxidised.
· electrolit level in banks Has fallen.
· the Generator does not give out a demanded current of a charge.
· It is torn off or electroconducting of a chain of system of a charge, or ослабло fastening of plugs of contact connections is otherwise damaged.
· there Is a discharge of the battery owing to short circuit in onboard electroconducting.
· internal defect of the battery Takes place.

The control lamp of a charge continues to burn at the working engine

· internal defect of the generator or a pressure regulator Takes place.
· It is worn out or torn off приводной a generator belt, or adjustment of effort of its tension is broken.
· generator brushes Are worn out, jammed or polluted.
· Oslabli or are broken щеточные generator springs.
· electroconducting of a contour of a charge, or ослабло fastening клеммных connections Is torn off.

The control lamp of a charge does not light up at key turn in position ON

· Has fused a thread накаливания.
· the printed-circuit board of a combination of devices, or ламподержатель Is faulty.
· the generator Is faulty.

Stability of turns of the engine is broken during an acceleration

· serviceability of functioning of system of ignition Is broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· passableness of the fuel filter Is broken.
· passableness of fuel injectors Is broken.
· pressure of fuel as a result of infringement of serviceability of functioning of a gasoline pump or passableness of fuel lines Has fallen.
· serviceability of functioning of injectors, or control systems of the engine Is broken.
· Oslablo socket fastening (ов) electroconductings of fuel injectors.
· air leaks in an inlet path Take place.
· serviceability of functioning of system EGR Is broken.

The engine works as jerks at a pedal of an accelerator kept motionlessly

· air leaks in an inlet path Take place.
· the gasoline pump, or a regulator of pressure of fuel Is faulty.
· Oslablo socket fastening (ов) electroconductings of fuel injectors.
· infringements of functioning of a control system by the engine Take place.

The engine spontaneously глохнет

· installation of turns of idling Is broken.
· passableness of the fuel filter Is broken, or the moisture has got to the power supply system.
· components of system of ignition Are humidified or damaged.
· components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases Are faulty.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· Are faulty ВВ wires of spark plugs.
· depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through connecting hoses Take place.
· adjustment клапанных backlashes Is broken.
· the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it has fallen.
· ventilation of a fuel tank Is broken, or gasoline pipe lines are blocked.
· serviceability of functioning of system of injection or engine management Is broken.

Capacity developed by the engine has fallen

· the hose of system of ventilation картера Is damaged.
· the hose of a vacuum path Is damaged.
· the lining of an inlet collector Is damaged.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· candle wires or the ignition coil Are damaged ВВ.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of system of giving of fuel Is broken.
· the filtering element of an air cleaner Is blocked.
· brakes Are jammed.
· level ATF in АТ Has fallen.
· pressure of oil Has fallen.
· coupling (РКПП) Revolves.
· passableness of the fuel filter Is broken, or the moisture has got to the power supply system.
· serviceability of functioning of system EGR Is broken.
· the Car is filled by non-standard fuel.
· Has fallen, or it is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders компрессионное pressure
· passableness of a final path Is broken.
· the fuel pump Is faulty, or the pressure developed by it has fallen.
· leaks in an inlet air path Take place.
· serviceability of functioning of system of injection or engine management Is broken.
· the Engine перегрет.
· the Engine is not heated-up to normal working temperature.

There are "shots" in a final path

· serviceability of functioning of system EGR Is broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of the thermostat of an air cleaner Is broken.
· depression losses Take place.
· adjustment клапанных backlashes Is broken.
· Are damaged клапанные springs, or has occurred «залипание» valves.
· leaks in an inlet air path Take place.
· malfunction in secondary (ВВ) a contour of system of ignition (candle insulators, ВВ wires, the ignition module) Takes place.
· serviceability of functioning of system of giving of fuel Is broken.

The engine works as jerks at a pedal of an accelerator kept motionlessly

· air leaks in an inlet path Take place.
· the gasoline pump Is faulty.
· Oslablo socket fastening (ов) electroconductings of a fuel injector.
· infringements of functioning of a control system by the engine Take place.

During an acceleration or at loading increase on the engine there are the knocks caused by too early ignition or a detonation

· the Car is filled by fuel not that grade.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· Takes place excessive нагарообразование in combustion chambers.
· non-standard spark plugs Are established.
· serviceability of functioning of system of giving of fuel Is broken.
· Are damaged ВВ wires.
· serviceability of functioning of valve EGR Is broken.
· depression losses Take place.
· the detonation gauge Is faulty.
· adjustment of backlashes of valves Is broken.
· Are worn out or damaged клапанные springs.
· mechanical malfunction of components of a drive of valves (коромысла, axes коромысел and so forth) Takes place.

The engine continues to work after deenergizing ignitions (diesel engine-effect)

· leaks in injectors Take place.
· excessively high turns of idling Are exposed.
· the working temperature of the engine is excessively high.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· Takes place excessive нагарообразование on the bottoms of pistons.
· Occurs «залипание» valves.
· are incorrectly exposed клапанные backlashes.
· serviceability of functioning of system EGR Is broken.

Pressure drop of impellent oil takes place

· oil level Has fallen, or oil not that grade is filled.
· bearings of the engine and-or the oil pump Are worn out.
· the engine overheat Takes place.
· the oil filter Is blocked.
· passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника Is broken.
· excessively low turns of idling Are exposed.
· there Was a short circuit in a plait of onboard electroconducting.
· the measuring instrument of pressure of oil Is faulty.

The expense of impellent oil is excessive

· Oslabla a drain stopper of the pallet картера.
· the hose of system of ventilation картера Is damaged.
· the valve of system of ventilation картера Is faulty.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of the pallet, or is damaged its sealing lining.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a forward cover, or is damaged its sealing lining.
· the epiploon of a cranked shaft Is damaged.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a cover of a head of cylinders, or is damaged its sealing lining.
· Oslabla landing of the oil filter.
· Oslablo effort of a tightening of the gauge-switch of pressure of oil.
· excessive deterioration of pistons or cylinders Takes place.
· piston rings Are worn out or damaged.
· Are worn out or damaged маслоотражательные caps of inlet and-or final valves.
· cores of valves Are worn out.
· directing plugs of valves Are worn out or damaged.

Any noise arising at work of the engine

· Loud deaf knock, more often arising at an acceleration, specifies in deterioration or damage of radical bearings, or non-uniform deterioration of a cranked shaft.
· Similar described above, but a little more high-frequency, the sound, also more often arising at an acceleration, speaks about possible deterioration шатунных bearings.
· the Blocked metal knock amplifying at increase of turns of the engine, and weakening in process of warming up of the last testifies to excessive deterioration of pistons and walls of cylinders.
· the Frequent clicking which is becoming frequent at an acceleration, speaks about deterioration of piston fingers or nests under their landing in pistons (the sound arises at each passage by corresponding piston VMT).
· the Metal clicking published by the water pump, specifies deterioration of bearings and necessity of replacement of pump assemblage.
· the Reason of frequent knock or a clicking which is becoming frequent with increase of turns, adjustment infringement клапанных backlashes can be, - hear клапанный to the mechanism by means of a stethoscope/piece of a vacuum hose. If adjustment of valves does not lead to situation correction, it is necessary to check up a condition of hydraulic pushers and other components клапанного the mechanism.

 In certain cases knock elimination is helped by refuelling of the engine by oil with higher factor of viscosity.


· the Reason of occurrence of uniform metal knock or a roar published by drive ГРМ on models 3.0 of l, deterioration газораспределительной chains or infringement of adjustment of its tension can be; check up also a condition of asterisks.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of greasing

The control lamp of pressure of impellent oil is not disconnected

· the gauge of pressure of oil (the diaphragm is damaged, there is an oil leaking, the spring or залипли contacts has broken) Is damaged.
· Pressure of oil has fallen as a result of passableness infringement полнопоточного the oil filter.
· Pressure of oil has fallen as a result of passableness infringement редукционного the valve of the oil pump.
· passableness маслотоков Is broken.
· passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника Is broken.
· level of impellent oil Has fallen.
· It is damaged маслозаборник.
· rotors of the oil pump Are jammed.

The control lamp of pressure of oil does not work at ignition inclusion

· the lamp Has fused.
· electroconducting Is torn off, or quality of contact connections is broken.

The control lamp starts to work in частопроблесковом a mode

· quality of contact connections in a corresponding chain Is broken.
· pressure of oil Has fallen.
· electroconducting Is damaged.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of giving of fuel and release of the fulfilled gas

Infringements of giving of fuel to injectors take place

· infringement in an electric chain of the fuel pump Takes place.
· the dust or a moisture has got To the fuel pump.
· the Fuel pump is hammered by a dust or water.
· air has got To the power supply system.
· passableness of an air or ventilating path Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of a regulator of pressure of fuel (for example, the diaphragm is damaged) Is broken.

The fuel expense is excessive

· the filtering element of an air cleaner Is polluted or its passableness is otherwise broken.
· adjustment of backlashes of valves Is broken.
· saddles of valves Are worn out.
· cores of valves Are damaged.
· Are worn out or damaged клапанные springs.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· spark plugs Are worn out or damaged, or installation of interelectrode backlashes is broken.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a cover of a head of cylinders, or is damaged its sealing lining.
· piston rings Are worn out or burnt.
· installation of phases timing Is broken.
· impellent oil with excessively low viscosity Is used.
· installation of turns of idling Is broken.
· leaks in a fuel path Take place.
· passableness of fuel injectors Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of system of injection of fuel or engine management Is broken.
· serviceability of functioning of systems of decrease in toxicity Is broken.
· pressure of a rating of tyres does not suffice, or wheels not that standard size are established.
· brakes "are taken".
· the Engine does not get warm to normal working temperature.
· adjustment of a cable of gas Is broken.

Fuel leaks (in salon and near to the car clearly smells as gasoline) take place

· the fuel tank, gasoline pipe lines or them штуцерные connections Are damaged mechanically or as a result of corrosion development.
· the welding seam of a fuel tank Has dispersed.
· the drainage system of a fuel tank Is damaged.
· passableness of ventilating lines Is broken.
· the Tank is overflowed.
· passableness of a coal adsorber of system EVAP Is broken.
· leaks in system EVAP path Take place.
· serviceability of functioning of system of giving of fuel Is broken.
· internal components of fuel injectors Are damaged or worn excessively out.

The gauge of a stock of fuel gives out incorrect indications

· assemblage of the gauge of a stock of fuel Is damaged.

Noise

· the fuel pump Is damaged.

It is excessively noisy works or the system of release of the fulfilled gases smokes

· leaks of the fulfilled gases through joints of a final collector or sections of system of release Take place.
· mufflers or pipes of system of release Are damaged mechanically or as a result of development of corrosion.
· As a result of damage of pendant support the release system contacts at movement to body or suspension bracket elements.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of cooling

The engine overheats

· level of a cooling liquid Has fallen.
· the belt of drive ГРМ Is damaged or adjustment of its tension is broken
· the belt of a drive of auxiliary units Is polluted by oil.
· passableness of water or air paths of a radiator Is broken.
· leaks of a cooling liquid from a radiator Take place.
· the water pump Is faulty.
· the thermostat Is faulty.
· the poor-quality cooling liquid Is filled.
· infringement in a fan chain (ов) cooling systems Takes place.
· mechanical damage крыльчатки the fan of system of cooling Takes place.
· tightness of landing of a cover of a radiator Is broken.
· installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition Is broken.
· repauperization of an air-fuel mix Takes place.
· coupling Revolves.
· brakes "are taken".
· distance Inappropriate to norm between the piston and a cylinder wall.
· the Path of system of cooling is blocked by an air stopper.
· It is filled трансмиссионное oil not that grade.
· resistance of a final path (high противодавление) is excessively high.
· indications of a measuring instrument of temperature Are inexact.

The engine does not get warm to normal working temperature

· the ambient temperature is excessively low.
· the thermostat Is faulty.
· infringement in a chain of the fan of system of cooling Takes place.
· indications of a measuring instrument of temperature Are inexact.

External leaks of a cooling liquid take place

· hoses охладительного a path, or ослабли collars of their fastening Are damaged mechanically or destroyed as a result of ageing of a material.
· epiploons of the water pump (the cooling liquid will exude through a control aperture) Are worn out or damaged.
· leaks of a cooling liquid from a radiator or a broad tank Take place.
· Are damaged drain or выжимные stoppers of a water shirt of the block of the engine.
· tightness of landing of the gauge-switch of temperature of a cooling liquid Is broken.
· sealing linings of the block/heads of cylinders Are damaged or cracks in moulding take place.
· the thermostat casing Is damaged.
· the radiator cover Is faulty.
· there Was a boiling up of a cooling liquid as a result of an overheat.

Internal leaks of a cooling liquid take place

 Presence of internal leaks proves to be true presence of a cooling liquid at the impellent oil, causing эмульгирование the last.


· the lining of a head of cylinders Is punched.
· Tresnuta a head or the block of cylinders.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a head of cylinders.

Losses of a cooling liquid take place

· In system the excessive quantity of a cooling liquid is filled in.
· the Cooling liquid boils away as a result of an overheat.
· external or internal leaks of a cooling liquid (see above) Take place.
· the radiator cover Is faulty.
· Pressure in cooling system raises at the expense of a compression in cylinders as a result of occurrence of cracks in a head or the block, or infringements of integrity any of sealing linings.

Circulation of a cooling liquid is broken

· the water pump Is faulty, - check up by проprobeывания top радиаторного a hose.
· passableness охладительного a path Is broken.
· Oslablo a tension of a belt of a drive of the water pump.
· the thermostat Is jammed.
· level of a cooling liquid Has fallen.

Any noise

· It is faulty приводной a belt.
· the fan of system of cooling Is faulty.
· the bearing of the water pump Is faulty.
· the epiploon of the water pump Is damaged.

Corrosion development takes place

· the cooling liquid is excessively polluted, - add in system only the distilled rain water.
· antifreeze is excessively diluted.
· replacement of a cooling liquid and path washing is insufficiently often made.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of heating, ventilation and air conditioning

Heating and ventilation systems

Functioning of the fan of a heater is completely broken


· Has fused a corresponding safety lock.
· there Was an electroconducting breakage.
· breakage in a chain of the switch of management / resistive assemblage of the fan Takes place.
· the electromotor of a drive of the fan Is faulty.

Giving in salon of the warmed-up air is broken

· liquid level in system of cooling of the engine Is insufficient.
· the Engine does not get warm to normal working temperature (see above).
· the inlet valve of the heat exchanger of a heater Is faulty. Check up serviceability of functioning trosovogo / a vacuum drive of the valve. Some times translate the switch of a choice of a temperature mode in extreme positions, checking serviceability of operation of the valve. Warm up the engine to normal working temperature and, having chosen the maximum temperature mode of a heater, probe hoses on an input and an exit клапанной assemblages. If hoses have different temperature, replace the valve.

At heater inclusion occurs запотевание a windscreen

· leaks of a cooling liquid from a hose laid near to a partition of an impellent compartment or under the panel of devices of the car Take place, - check up reliability of a tightening of a fixing collar.
· leaks of a cooling liquid from the heater heat exchanger Take place. Attentively examine rugs in foot wells of the driver and the forward passenger on presence on them of streams.

 The cooling liquid has a characteristic sweetish smell. In case of need make corresponding repair, or replace the failed heat exchanger.

On some models for providing of access to the heat exchanger (radiator) of a heater it is required to remove the panel of devices.


Serviceability of functioning of management is broken by a choice of a temperature mode

· level of a cooling liquid Has fallen.
· the electromotor of a drive regime заслонки Is faulty.

It is not possible to disconnect a mode of the closed ventilation

· the selector switch Is faulty.
· malfunction in a chain of the electromotor of a drive corresponding заслонки Takes place.

Central air of hand-operated air

In addition to the malfunctions listed in the previous subsection:

Cold air does not arrive through ventilating deflectors


· the heater fan (see above) Is faulty.
· the switch of management of functioning of the fan of a heater Is faulty.
· passableness of air lines Is broken.
· the Central air requires gymnastics. Attention: Опорожнение, the gymnastics and check of a refrigerator path should be made in the conditions of a specialised workshop!
· the Belt of a drive of auxiliary units is torn off, or ослабло effort of its tension.
· switch K/V Is faulty.
· compressor K/V Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning муфты compressor K/V couplings Is broken. Check up a condition муфты and electroconductings of its chain.

Will rectify the revealed faults, replace defective components.

· the pressure gauge-switch низконапорного a central air path Is faulty.
· damage of electroconducting of a chain of a central air Takes place, or the corresponding relay has failed. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults, in case of need replace the relay.

At use К/В on a floor in salon are formed begin to flow a moisture

· passableness of a drainage tube of the evaporator of a central air Is broken. Clean a tube in a place of its exit from car salon.
· passableness of a drain hose of the evaporator Is broken. Clean a hose in a place of its exit from car salon.

Activation К/В is accompanied by occurrence in salon of a smell of a mould

· passableness of a drain hose of the evaporator of a central air Is broken. Clean a hose in a place of its exit from car salon.

System of an automatic air conditioning (climate control)

The system is not activated at ignition inclusion


· Has fused a safety lock № 5 or № 17.
· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain (special attention it is necessary to give to a grounding contour) Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.

Function of preservation of last chosen mode does not operate

· Has fused a safety lock № 5 or № 17.
· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain (special attention it is necessary to give to a grounding contour) Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.

Serviceability of a conclusion of the data on the display screen is broken

· Has fused a safety lock № 5 or № 17.
· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain (special attention it is necessary to give to a grounding contour) Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.

Stability of rotation of the fan is broken

· Has fused a safety lock № 5 or № 17.
· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.
· the fan electromotor Is faulty.
· the relay of the electromotor of the fan Is faulty.
· the power transistor or a corresponding safety lock Is faulty.

Serviceability функцонирования заслонки inclusions/deenergizings of a mode of circulation is broken

· quality of contact connections in electroconducting corresponding Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.
· the electromotor or a potentiometer of a drive switching заслонки Is faulty.

Function of switching of directions of distribution of air does not operate

· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.
· the electromotor or a potentiometer of a drive selector заслонок Is faulty.

Maintenance function in salon of the set temperature mode does not operate

· quality of contact connections in electroconducting of a corresponding chain Is broken.
· assemblage of management К/В Is faulty.
· the electromotor or a potentiometer of a drive mixing заслонки Is faulty.
· relay K/V Is faulty.
· compressor K/V Is faulty.
· the heater Is faulty.
· information gauges of temperatures and-or intensity of a sunlight Are faulty.

The excessive delay of transition to the chosen temperature mode takes place

· the electromotor or a potentiometer of a drive mixing заслонки Is faulty.
· information gauges of temperatures and-or intensity of a sunlight Are faulty.

Serviceability of functioning of fans K/V is broken

· the electromotor of the main or auxiliary fan Is faulty.
· the relay of the electromotor of the main or auxiliary fan Is faulty.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling

Serviceability of deenergizing of coupling (at the pedal squeezed out to a floor reverse gear inclusion/deenergizing is complicated) is broken

· adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling Is broken.
· On a conducted disk of coupling oil has got.
· the spring "Has given" диафрагменная.
· leaks of a hydraulic liquid from the main or executive cylinder of coupling Take place.
· air (softness of a course of a pedal takes place) has got To a hydraulic path of a drive of coupling.
· the sealing cuff of the piston of the main or executive cylinder Is damaged.
· the lack of greasing of the directing bearing Takes place.

Coupling revolves (engine turns raise without increase in speed of movement of the car)

· Peregret a conducted disk of coupling, - park the car and allow to a disk to cool down.
· Frictional overlays of a conducted disk are polluted by the oil filtering through a back epiploon of a cranked shaft.
· the new conducted disk (for definitive extra earnings of a new disk are necessary for making not less than 30 - 40 starts) was not earned extra.
· deformation of assemblage of a basket of coupling/flywheel Takes place.
· Oslabla диафрагменная a spring.
· Has occurred «залипание» the piston in the main cylinder of coupling as a result of hit of extraneous particles.
· the mechanism of deenergizing of coupling Is jammed.
· the disk or a flywheel Is deformed press.
· hydraulic lines of a drive of coupling Are damaged.

At coupling inclusion there is a vibration

· Are polluted by oil, are deformed, have burnt through, or заполированы to shine frictional overlays of a conducted disk / a working surface of a flywheel.
· Oslabli of a rivet of fastening of frictional overlays.
· support of a suspension bracket of the power unit, or ослабло their fastening Are worn out.
· Are worn out шлицы a primary shaft of a transmission or a nave of a conducted disk.
· deformation of assemblage of a basket of coupling/flywheel Takes place.
· fatigue deformation диафрагменной springs Takes place.
· the directing bearing in a pin of a cranked shaft Is jammed.

At squeezing or release coupling pedals arise extraneous noise

· adjustments of a pedal of coupling Are broken.
· the bearing is jammed by Vyzhimnoj on a transmission shaft.
· the directing bearing Is worn out or damaged.
· Will burst a conducted disk of coupling.
· fatigue deformation торсионных springs of a conducted disk of coupling Takes place.
· components of assemblage of a basket of coupling Are worn out.
· the spring of a press disk Is broken диафрагменная.
· axial plugs of a pedal of coupling Are worn out or overdried.
· assemblage of a basket of coupling Is faulty.
· turns of idling of the engine are excessively low.

The pedal of coupling after отпускания does not come back in a starting position

· serviceability of functioning of the main or executive cylinder of coupling Is broken.
· the piston in the main or executive cylinder Is jammed.
· components of a drive of deenergizing of coupling Are damaged or jammed.
· air has got To a hydraulic path.

For squeezing of a pedal of coupling the excessive effort is required

· the piston in the main or executive cylinder Is jammed.
· assemblage of a basket of coupling Is faulty.
· the main or executive cylinder of a wrong standard size Is established.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a manual box of a gear change

The box established on neutral transfer publishes noise at the working engine

· bearings of a primary shaft (noise appear at release pedals of coupling and disappear at its squeezing) Are worn out.
· the bearing of a leading shaft of a box Is worn out.
· level трансмиссионного oils Has fallen.
· It is worn out выжимной the coupling bearing (noise appear at the squeezed out pedal of coupling and can decrease at it release).
· a noise Source variations of a twisting moment of the engine can be, - updating of turns of idling can lead to situation correction.

Noise take place on all transfers

Any of listed above the reasons, and-or:


· the secondary shaft of a transmission, or its bearings Is worn out or damaged.

Noise arise on any concrete transfer

· Are worn out, chopped off or teeths of gear wheels of a transmission are otherwise damaged.
· synchronizers Are worn out or damaged.

Noise arise at a gear change

· serviceability of functioning of coupling Is broken.
· assemblages of synchronizers Are faulty.

The box "comes off" the chosen transfer

· the cuff of the lever of a gear change Has hardened.
· components of a drive of a gear change Are jammed.
· the gear change mechanism Is worn out.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening РКПП to the engine
· the holder of the bearing of a primary gear wheel, or ослабло its fastening Is broken.
· Between a clutch lever and картером the engine the dirt has got.
· control balls, flutes of spherical support of rods of plugs of switching, or control springs Are worn out or damaged.
· bearings of a conducted or intermediate shaft Are worn out.
· support of a suspension bracket of the power unit Are worn out.
· It is excessive axial люфт gear wheels.
· synchronizers Are worn out.

Leaks трансмиссионного oils take place

· In a box the excessive quantity трансмиссионного oils is filled in.
· the epiploon () differential or a sealing cuff of a speedometer Is damaged.

The gear change is complicated

· coupling Is faulty.
· components of the mechanism of a drive of a gear change Are worn out or damaged.
· level трансмиссионного oils Has fallen.
· Transmissionnoe oil requires replacement.
· the shock rod Is worn out or damaged.
· gear wheels РКПП Are jammed.
· blocks of synchronizers Are worn out.

There is a box blocking on any of transfers

· deterioration, or landing easing приводной draughts Takes place.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of automatic transmission

 In view of complexity of design АТ to the average mechanic-fan will be inconveniently enough exact to carry out diagnostics of its refusals and regenerative repair. In case of occurrence of the problems which distinct from are listed more low, to the owner the car it is necessary to address for the help to experts of car-care centre. It is not necessary to hasten also with демонтажем faulty transmission as its many checks are made in situ (on a regular place).


Leaks ATF

· ATF usually differs dark red colour, - it is not necessary to confuse traces of its leaks to those from impellent oil (the last can communicate on картер transmissions by a running stream of air).
· For revealing of a source of leak, first of all, it is necessary to clear картер transmissions and surfaces surrounding it of a dirt and greasing. Take advantage qualitative обезжиривателем or execute steam cleaning of the unit. Make on the car a short trip with low speed of movement (that traces of taking place leak did not communicate far from its source). Поддомкратьте the car also establish it on props. Examine картер transmissions, visually revealing sources of leak ATF. Most often as those act:
· the Pallet картера transmissions: tighten fixture and-or replace a sealing lining;
· Back lengthening of transmission: tighten fixture and-or replace an epiploon;
· the Jellied mouth: replace a rubber cuff in a place of an input of a mouth in картер transmissions;
· the Ventilating tube: transmission is overflowed and-or in картер water has got;
· Knot of connection of a speedometer: replace a sealing ring in an input place drive a cable in картер transmissions.

ATF has brown colour or smells as ashes

· level ATF in transmission Has fallen, or the liquid has burnt and requires replacement.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· coupling bottom and back transfers Is faulty.
· reverse gear coupling Is faulty.

There is no automatic switching of transmission on a hill-climbing gear at full squeezing of a pedal of gas (a mode kickdown)

· adjustment of a cable of a drive throttle заслонки Is broken at mode inclusion kickdown.

During a gear change the engine глохнет

· the operating valve Is faulty.
· It is faulty blocking демпфер.
· engine adjustments Are broken.
· the entrance shaft of transmission Is faulty.

The engine is started in the position of transmission which is distinct from «Р or«N»

· the gauge-switch of the permission of start Is faulty, or its adjustment is broken.
· the lever of the selector of transfers or a drive of the selector of transfers Is faulty.

In positions of the lever of selector "P" or «N» there is an unusual noise

· passableness of the mesh filter Is broken.
· the oil pump Is faulty.
· It is faulty приводной a disk.
· level ATF is excessively high or insufficient.

Noise arise in position «D» the selector lever

· the main transfer Is faulty.
· planetary assemblage Is faulty.
· the brake tape bottom and back transfers Is faulty.
· transfer Is faulty редукционная.
· oil level in differential is excessively high or insufficient.

The car moves in position «N» the selector lever

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.

Switching with «N» on «D» or «R» is accompanied by a push

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· electroconducting Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· Requires replacement ATF.

Switching with «N» on «D» or «R» passes with a delay

· the management valve Is faulty.
· Malfunctions of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure.
· the sealing ring Has worn out.
· the forward lining картера АТ Is damaged.
· coupling bottom and back transfers Is faulty.
· reverse gear coupling Is faulty.

The car does not get under way in any position АТ (the engine глохнет)

· the lay brake Is cocked.
· planetary assemblage Is faulty.

The car does not get under way in any position АТ (the engine increases turns)

· the mesh filter Is littered.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the leading gear wheel Is faulty.
· It is faulty гипоидная a gear wheel.
· the power shaft Is damaged.
· the differential Is faulty.
· the oil pump Is faulty.
· the entrance shaft Is faulty.
· the target shaft Is faulty.
· planetary transfer Is faulty.
· It is faulty приводной a disk.
· too low level ATF.
· the forward lining of case AT Is damaged.

The car does not get under way only in position «R» АТ (the engine глохнет)

· the lay brake Is cocked.
· coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· planetary transfer Is faulty.

The car does not get under way only in position «R» АТ (the engine increases turns)

· the selector cable Is faulty.
· the selector lever Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling bottom and back transfers Is faulty.
· reverse gear coupling Is faulty.

The car does not get under way only in positions «D» and «3» АТ (the engine increases turns)

· coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.
· It is faulty обгонная муфта.

The car does not get under way only in positions «D», «3» and «2» АТ (the engine глохнет)

· reverse gear coupling Is faulty.

The car does not get under way only in positions «D», «3» and «2» АТ (the engine increases turns)

· coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.

The engine is started only in position «R» the selector

· the management valve Is faulty.

Weak reception at dispersal from a place

· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.
· reverse gear coupling Is faulty.
· too high or low level ATF.
· the oil pump Is faulty.
· the forward lining of case AT Is damaged.
· It is faulty blocking муфта the hydrotransformer.
· too high or low level of oil of differential.

Weak acceleration at dispersal from a place

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.
· planetary transfer Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

There is no switching of transmission to 1st on 2nd transfer

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position of a throttle Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 1 Is faulty.
· the gauge of position of a pedal of gas Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.

There is no switching to 2nd on 3rd transfer

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2 Is faulty.

There is no switching to 3rd on 4th transfer

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 1 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Efficiency of braking by the engine in position «3» levers of the selector is lowered

· the gauge-switch of the permission of start/positions of the lever of the selector Is faulty.
· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.

Efficiency of braking by the engine in positions «3» or «2» levers of the selector is lowered

· the management valve Is faulty.

Efficiency of braking by the engine in position «1» levers of the selector is lowered

· coupling bottom and back transfers Is faulty.

Character of switchings of transmission is broken

· the gauge-switch of the permission of start/positions of the lever of the selector Is faulty.
· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· quality of grounding Is broken.

There is no transmission blocking

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· serviceability of delivery of a signal of turns of the engine Is broken.

The lay brake does not provide reliable fixing of the car/lever of the selector hardly is deduced from position «P»

· the selector cable Is faulty.
· the selector lever Is faulty.
· the mechanism of a lay brake Is faulty.

Switching with 1st on 2nd transfer is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· engine adjustments Are broken.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Switching with 1st on 2nd transfer is accompanied by transmission proslipping

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the control valve Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.

Switching with 2nd on 3rd transfer is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· engine adjustments Are broken.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Switching with 2nd on 3rd transfer is accompanied by transmission proslipping

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling of raising transfer Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Switching with 3rd on 4th transfer is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· engine adjustments Are broken.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve the electromagnetic valve of coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.
· It is faulty муфта the bottom transfers.

Switching with 3rd on 4th transfer is accompanied by transmission proslipping

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Transfer of the lever of the selector from position «3» in position «2» is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the brake tape of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.

Transfer of the lever of the selector from position «D» in position «1» is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.

Transfer of the lever of the selector from position «2» in position «1» is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· coupling bottom and back transfers Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.

Otpuskanie pedals of gas on average speeds it is accompanied by pushes

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· serviceability of functioning of the electromagnetic valve of linear pressure Is broken.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· It is faulty демпфер blocking.
· engine adjustments Are broken.
· the electromagnetic valve of switching 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of braking of transfers 2/4 Is faulty.
· the synchronising electromagnetic valve of coupling of the bottom transfers Is faulty.

Rectilinear movement is accompanied by the raised level of vibrations

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the electromagnetic valve of inclusion of blocking Is faulty.
· It is faulty демпфер blocking.

Vibrations arise during fulfilment of turns

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the forward gauge of speed (VSS) Is faulty.
· the back gauge of speed (VSS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· It is faulty муфта a distributing box.
· the valve of a distributing box Is faulty.

Трогание the car it is accompanied by proslipping of forward wheels

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· It is faulty forward VSS.
· the gauge-switch of activation of a mode of a full drive (FWD) Is faulty.
· the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) Is faulty.
· the gauge of temperature ATF Is faulty.
· the management valve Is faulty.
· ATF requires replacement.
· It is faulty муфта the distributing mechanism.
· the valve of the distributing mechanism Is faulty.
· passableness of a tube of the distributing mechanism Is broken.

The car is not translated in an all-wheel drive mode (FWD)

· the module of management of transmission (TCM) Is faulty.
· the gauge-switch of activation of a mode of a full drive (FWD) Is faulty.
· It is faulty муфта the distributing mechanism.
· the valve of the distributing mechanism Is faulty.

Transmission "comes off" the chosen position, is switched hardly or with noise, or does not provide car progress forward or back

· There is a set of the possible reasons of the listed refusals, however one of them gets to sphere of the competence of the average mechanic-fan - infringement of level ATF only. Check up, in case of need make updating of level/replacement of a liquid and the filter, in parallel check up condition ATF. In all other cases the car should be driven away for diagnostics and regenerative repair/replacement of transmission on a car repair shop.

Diagnostics of malfunctions карданного a shaft

Leaks in a forward part карданного a shaft take place

· the back epiploon of transmission Is damaged or worn out. Check up also a condition of a surface of a sliding collar.

At transfer inclusion (at the moment of loading occurrence) there is a knock

· Oslablo fastening of components of a back suspension bracket.
· the spindle of a sliding collar Is worn out.
· Oslabli bolts/nuts карданного a shaft.
· bearings карданного the hinge (ов) Are worn out or damaged.
· the central bearing/pillow of the central support Is worn out.

Has places the metal gnash conformable to speed of movement of the car

· bearings карданного the hinge (ов) Are worn out.

Vibrations take place

 First of all check up balancing of wheels and pressure of a rating of tyres. Usually vibrations increase with movement increase.


· Establish in salon of the car a tachometre and during movement try to define engine turns at which vibration reaches the maximum intensity, then switch transfer and finish turns of the engine to the same value.
· If vibration arises and reaches the maximum intensity at the same turns of the engine, irrespective of the chosen transfer, its source is not карданный a shaft as frequency of its rotation depends on a choice of the transfer relation.
· If transfer switching leads to disappearance of vibration or appreciable decrease in its intensity (at the same turns of the engine), it is necessary to pass to condition checks карданного a shaft:
- Check up карданный a shaft on presence of signs of a bend and other deformations, in case of need make replacement;
- Carefully clear a shaft, - the stuck dirt can be at the bottom of balancing infringement;
- Estimate degree of deterioration of bearings карданных hinges, in case of need make replacement of assemblages;
- Check up balancing карданного a shaft or its connecting flange. Make sure of presence on the places balancing грузиков, remove a shaft and establish it, having turned on 180 °, - if vibrations do not disappear, give a shaft to balancing;
- Check up reliability of a tightening of fixing bolts/nuts;
- Estimate degree of deterioration of the central bearing;
- Check up a condition of back plugs of transmission.

The scraping sound takes place

· Make sure that the dustproof casing of a sliding collar does not rub about картер back lengthening of transmission.

Takes place howl or whistle


· the Source of similar sounds the central bearing can be.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of the back bridge and the main transfer


The extraneous noise identical at movement on transfer and накатом takes place


· Natural road noise.
· Excessive люфт differential transfer.
· Excessive люфт гипоидной gear wheels.
· Oslabla or is lost a nut of a leading gear wheel.
· Are worn out, or tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· wheel bearings, or ослаб their tightness Are worn out or damaged.
· oil level in differential Has fallen.
· the differential Is faulty.

The knock arising at трогании from a place or at a gear change takes place


· the differential Is faulty, or its adjustment is broken.

Extraneous sounds arise during fulfilment of turns


· the differential Is faulty.
· the persistent washer is worn excessively out.
· Zalipla or is damaged муфта slidings.

Oil leaks take place


· It is hammered or damaged сапун.
· Oslabli, or are lost bolts of an axis of differential or the lateral holder, or the sealing ring is incorrectly established.
· Oslabli, or are lost bolts of a back cover, or its lining is damaged.
· the oil filter Has failed, or ослабла the drain stopper (is lost).

Vibrations take place


· the subsection devoted to diagnostics of malfunctions карданного of a shaft See. If the shaft is perfectly in order, поддомкратьте a back of the car and establish it on props and manually estimate a condition of wheel bearings, in case of need make replacement.

Oil leaks take place


· the epiploon of a leading gear wheel of the main transfer Is damaged.
· epiploons of semiaxes Are damaged.
· Oslab fixture, or is damaged a sealing lining of a cover of differential.
· Oslabla a drain or jellied/control stopper of differential.
· passableness ventilating сапуна differential Is broken.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a distributing box (at a corresponding complete set of the car)


Gear wheels jump out from gearing


· the size of a free wheeling of a control lever Is broken.
· the Control lever clings to the console.
· Oslab the fixture of support of a suspension bracket of a distributing box, or takes place fatigue deformation of a material.
· internal components of a distributing box Are worn out, or adjustments are broken.

Switching of modes is complicated


· oil level Has fallen.
· internal components of a distributing box Are worn out, or adjustments are broken.

Extraneous noise take place


· oil level in a distributing box Has fallen.
· Presence of noise at a choice of any of modes speaks about malfunction presence in components of back differential or the back bridge.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of brake system

 Before to come to conclusion about refusal of brake system, check up a condition and pressure of a rating of tyres, uniformity of loading of the car and corners of installation of forward wheels.


At braking course stability of the car is broken

· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· brake kolodki/boots from one of car boards Are worn out, damaged or made oily.
· are worn excessively out brake Pads or a disk from one of car boards.
· Oslab fixture of components of a forward suspension bracket.
· It is faulty one or several brake mechanisms.
· passableness of brake lines Is broken.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a support or a board of the brake mechanism.
· the support piston / the wheel cylinder of one of brake mechanisms Is jammed, or its moving is complicated.
· From different boards of the car brake kolodki/boots with frictional overlays of various type are established.
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket Are worn out or damaged.
· adjustment of a pretightness of wheel bearings Is broken.

During braking there are extraneous noise (a gnash or high-frequency squeal)


· frictional overlays brake колодок forward wheels Are worn out, - the sound is published by deterioration gauges колодок.
· Are polluted or заполированы to shine brake Pads.
· On a working surface brake Pads oil (clicks are audible) has got.
· the brake disk/drum - usually after long parking of the car Is damaged by corrosion.
· Between a disk and a board of the brake mechanism the extraneous subject (for example, a stone) has got.
· the brake board Is deformed.

The course of a brake pedal is excessively great


· local infringement in brake system Takes place.
· level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS Has fallen.
· air has got To hydraulic system.
· serviceability of functioning of automatic regulators of brake mechanisms Is broken.
· the valve-terminator Is faulty.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Is faulty.

Softness of a course of a brake pedal takes place at its squeezing


· air has got To hydraulic system.
· flexible brake hoses Are damaged as a result of material ageing.
· Oslab fixture ГТЦ.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· installation of working backlashes of brake kolodok/boots Is broken.
· passableness of a ventilating aperture of a cover of tank GTTS Is broken.
· rubber brake lines Are deformed.
· sealing cuffs of supports Are softened.
· the Brake liquid requires replacement.

For a car stop applying of excessively big effort to a brake pedal is required

In addition to the reasons listed in the previous subsection:


· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Is faulty.
· frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots are worn excessively out.
· the piston () a support / the wheel cylinder Is jammed.
· frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots Are polluted by oil or greasing.
· brake disks Are damaged or worn out.
· It is faulty ГТЦ or a support () / the wheel cylinder ().
· are recently established and new brake kolodki/boots had not time to be earned extra.
· local infringement in brake system Takes place.

The pedal of a foot brake fails to a floor without resistance


· liquid level in tank GTTS Has fallen, or leaks through pistons of supports / wheel cylinders take place.
· brake lines, or ослабли them штуцерные connections Are damaged.

During braking there are pulsations of a pedal of a foot brake


· wheel bearings Are worn out or damaged, or adjustment of their pretightness is broken.
· components of a support of the brake mechanism are incorrectly established, or between them extraneous subjects have got.
· excessive lateral palpation of a brake disk/ovality of a drum Takes place.
· are worn non-uniformly out brake Pads.

Pulsations of a pedal of a foot brake take place at its squeezing during sharp braking


· the Consequence of serviceable functioning ABS.

During braking there is a vibration transferred to a brake pedal or a steering wheel


· excessive palpation of a brake disk/deformation of a brake drum Takes place.
· frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots Are worn out.
· Oslabli bolts of fastening of a support / a brake board.
· components of a suspension bracket either a steering drive, or a support Are worn out.

Brakes "are taken" (efficiency of return of the engine is lowered, wheels are excessively warmed up during movement)


· adjustment of a target rod of a pedal of a foot brake Is broken.
· passableness of inlet union GTTS Is broken.
· piston GTTS Is jammed in the cylinder.
· brake kolodki/boots are worn excessively out.
· cups of pistons in the main brake cylinder, or supports of brake mechanisms Are deformed.
· adjustment of a lay brake Is broken.
· adjustment of a pretightness of wheel bearings Is broken.
· adjustment of adjusting height of a pedal of a foot brake Is broken.
· the wheel cylinder () Is jammed.
· adjustment of backlashes of landing of boots in drums of brake mechanisms Is broken.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· passableness of brake lines Is broken.

Back wheels are blocked at normal braking


· tyres are excessively strongly beefy.
· protectors are worn excessively out.

Back wheels are blocked at emergency braking


· tyres are excessively strongly beefy.
· protectors are worn excessively out.
· Are polluted by oil Pads brake mechanisms of forward wheels.
· It is faulty ГТЦ, or assemblage () brake mechanisms.

The lay brake "is taken"


· the Lever of a lay brake is not adjusted.
· the Cable of a lay brake does not move.
· the backlash колодок a lay brake is not adjusted.
· the returnable spring Is broken.

Noise from the mechanism of a lay brake

· the returnable spring Is broken.
· the keeping spring колодок a lay brake Is broken.

The lay brake does not keep the car properly

· adjustment of a drive of a lay brake Is broken.

Diagnostics of malfunctions противооткатного devices


 If the car does not get under way from a place (the brake is not released) because of the broken returnable spring, give an adjusting nut, disconnect coupling and the valve of deduction of pressure (PHV), then release brakes, having taken away in a starting position lever PHV.

Before to start this operation, make sure that the lay brake is cocked.

 The protivootkatnoe device does not function on liftings with a weak bias.


The coupling pedal is squeezed out with excessive resistance

· the cable of a drive of the valve of deduction of pressure (PHV) Is faulty.
· lever PHV Is faulty.
· coupling Is faulty.

The car is not kept motionlessly on lifting by a steepness more than 3 %


· the forward part of a body of the car is excessively lowered.
· It is torn off or will extend a cable of drive PHV.
· the size of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling Is excessive.
· hermetic sealing PHV (the valve is subject to replacement in gathering) Is broken.

Трогание the car it is accompanied by a push


· the pedal of a foot brake (the with большей force the pedal is squeezed out, the later it is released противооткатное the device) is too strongly squeezed out.
· At трогании on an equal surface the car can at first twitches back, - result of activation противооткатного devices.

The car revolves at start


· the coupling disk Is worn out.
· Will extend a cable of the valve of deduction of pressure (PHV).
· the basic arm тросовой assemblages or a rack valve PHV Is deformed.

The car cannot begin movement at start


· the returnable spring Is stretched or broken.
· the Lever of the valve of deduction of pressure (PHV) does not come back in a starting position.

At release pedals of a foot brake there is an unusual sound


· Kolodki are excessively strongly pressed to a brake disk as a result of sharp braking.

At squeezing of a pedal of coupling there is an unusual sound


· the hook of a returnable spring, or mobile section of a tip drive cable PHV is insufficiently well greased.
· coupling Is faulty.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS)


Course stability is broken at braking (the car withdraws in one of the parties
Or develops)


· the electromagnetic valve of the hydraulic modulator/block of management ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are incorrectly (non-uniformly beefy.
· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· Rough road.

The length of a brake way is excessive


· the electromagnetic valve of the hydraulic modulator/block of management ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· air has got To brake system.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are incorrectly (non-uniformly beefy.

There is a premature blocking of wheels


· the electromagnetic valve of the hydraulic modulator/block of management ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.

Brakes "are taken"


· the electromagnetic valve of the hydraulic modulator/module of management ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· the main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms (for example, the piston is jammed) Are faulty.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.
· adjustment of a lay brake Is broken.
· adjustment of a course of a pedal of a foot brake Is broken.
· adjustment of corners of installation of wheels Is broken.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a various standard size are established.

The course of a pedal of a foot brake is excessively great


· corresponding adjustment Is broken.
· air has got To brake system.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.

At braking the car excessively buries a nose


· the electromagnetic valve of the hydraulic modulator/module of management ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· suspension bracket components, or ослабло their fastening Are worn out or damaged.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.
· adjustment of corners of installation of wheels Is broken.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· Rough road.

Vibrations of a pedal of a foot brake at braking on slippery road


· the Normal sign of operation ABS (at braking).
· the Rough surface of road.

Hydromodulator ABS functioning is accompanied by extraneous noise


· the basic plug of the hydromodulator Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake lines Are damaged.

At movement on a slippery covering there are noise in a forward part of the car


· the basic plug of hydromodulator ABS Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· hydraulic lines of a brake path Are faulty.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes / the control valve Is faulty.
· suspension bracket components, or ослабло their fastening Are worn out or damaged.

At movement on a slippery covering there are noise in a back part of the car


· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· the lay brake Is faulty.
· hydraulic lines of a brake path Are faulty.
· suspension bracket components, or ослабло their fastening Are worn out or damaged.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC)/antiprobuksovochnoj systems (TCS)


The length of a brake way is excessive


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· air has got To brake system.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· are incorrectly connected brake a line/electroconducting.
· gauge ABS Is faulty, or its working backlash is incorrectly exposed.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· the roving gauge / cross-section overloads Is faulty.
· the pressure valve-terminator Is faulty.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Is faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.

There is a premature blocking of wheels


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· correctness of connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings Is broken.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· the pressure valve-terminator Is faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.

Brakes "are taken"


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· the lay brake Has failed.
· the course of a pedal of a foot brake is not adjusted.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.

The course of a pedal of a foot brake is excessively great


· corresponding adjustment Is broken.
· air has got To brake system.
· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the pressure valve-terminator Is faulty.
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Is faulty.

At braking the car excessively buries a nose


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· correctness connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings of brake system Is broken.
· Rough road.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· It is faulty ГТЦ
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.
· suspension bracket components, or ослабло their fastening Are worn out or damaged.

Excessive vibration of a pedal of a foot brake at sharp braking, an acceleration or movement on slippery road there are vibrations


· Rough road.
· correctness connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings of brake system Is broken.
· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the pressure valve-terminator Is faulty.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Is faulty.

Hydromodulator VDC functioning is accompanied by extraneous noise

· the basic plug of the hydromodulator Is worn out.
· the hydromodulator Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· the roving gauge / cross-section overloads Is faulty or incorrectly established.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.

At sharp braking, acceleration and movement on slippery road there are noise in a forward part of the car


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· Has failed ГТЦ.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.
· the vacuum amplifier of brakes Has failed.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.

Noise arise in car salon


· the module of management of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty;
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.

At sharp braking, acceleration and movement on slippery road there are noise in a forward part of the car


· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· the lay brake Is faulty.
· suspension bracket components, or ослабло their fastening are worn excessively out or damaged.
· semiaxes Are damaged.
· wheels Are damaged.
· non-standard tyres Are established.

The engine is not dispersed or глохнет at sharp acceleration or during movement on slippery road


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty
· It is faulty ГТЦ.
· the lay brake Has failed.
· correctness connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings of brake system Is broken.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· lines of a hydraulic path of brake system Are faulty.

The system of dynamic stabilisation is activated under normal conditions movements


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.
· gauge ABS Is faulty.
· the gauge of an angle of rotation Is faulty or its neutral position is incorrectly exposed.
· brakes (brake Pads) Are faulty.
· brake mechanisms/kolodki Are faulty.
· adjustment of corners of installation of wheels Is broken.
· On one axis of the car (forward or back) wheels of a different standard size are established.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· Rough road.
· Malfunctions in system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (ГУР).
· correctness connection of hydraulic lines/electroconductings of brake system Is broken.

The light indicator of switching-off VDC does not burn at the pressed switch «VDC OFF»


 If the switch «VDC OFF» to hold pressed during 10 seconds or more at the rotating engine, the indicator of switching-off VDC will be switched off is irreversible. For return into position it is necessary to switch off and внувь to include ignition.


· the hydromodulator of system of dynamic stabilisation (VDC) Is faulty.
· the module of management VDC Is faulty.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of a suspension bracket and steering

 Before to start checks of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive make sure that a cause of infringement is not the wrong rating of tyres, installation of tyres of a various standard size, infringement of balancing of wheels, or «прихватывание» brakes.


Course stability of the car is broken

· On one axis wheels of a various standard size are established, or their tyres are pumped up with various pressure.
· defect of tyres Takes place.
· components of a suspension bracket or a steering drive Are worn out.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· brake mechanisms of forward wheels "are taken".
· adjustment of a pretightness of wheel bearings Is broken.
· Are broken or screw springs ("have given" at a corresponding complete set of the car).
· Oslabli wheel nuts.
· the Geometry of a suspension bracket or a steering drive is broken as a result of failure.

Takes place люфт wheels and the raised vibration of the car


· balancing of forward wheels (vibration is most considerably transferred through a steering wheel) Is broken.
· balancing of back wheels (vibration is most considerably transferred through a car body) Is broken.
· tyres are pumped unequally up.
· adjustment of a pretightness of wheel bearings Is broken.
· components of racks of a suspension bracket Are worn out.
· Oslabli wheel nuts.
· wheel disks Are damaged or deformed.
· tyres Are damaged.
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs Are worn out.
· the spherical support () Is worn out.

During fulfilment of turns and at braking there is "galloping" and-or car rocking


· Oslablo fastening of the stabilizer of cross-section stability.
· shock-absorbers Are faulty.
· Are broken or screw springs/springs of a suspension bracket "have given".
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs Are worn out.
· the Car is overloaded.

Takes place рысканье or the general course instability of the car


· On one axis wheels of a various standard size are established, or their tyres are pumped up with various pressure.
· balancing of wheels Is broken.
· tyres are pumped non-uniformly up.
· Oslabli wheel nuts.
· the lack of greasing of SHRUS and tips of steering draughts Takes place.
· shock-absorbers Are worn out.
· Oslablo fastening of the stabilizer of cross-section stability.
· Are broken or screw springs/springs "have given".
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs Are worn out.

Excessively hardly the steering wheel turns

· level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel Has fallen.
· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· the lack of greasing of spherical support and tips of steering draughts Takes place.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· adjustment of the steering mechanism Is broken, or greasing level has fallen.
· adjustment of a pretightness of wheel bearings Is broken.
· components of the steering mechanism Are worn out or damaged.
· to Rotation of a steering shaft stirs the switch of indexes of turns.
· tyres are too poorly beefy.
· greasing Has deteriorated. Replace.
· spherical support Are worn out or damaged.
· components of a steering drive Are worn out or damaged.

It is excessive люфт a steering wheel


· Oslabli wheel bearings.
· plugs of components of a suspension bracket Are worn out.
· adjustment of the steering mechanism Is broken.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· Oslab fixture of assemblage of the steering mechanism.
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket Are worn out.

There is no hydraulic strengthening


· the belt of a drive of the steering pump Is damaged, or adjustment of its tension is broken.
· level of a hydraulic liquid Has fallen.
· passableness of hoses of system of strengthening of a wheel Is broken.
· air has got To a hydraulic path of system of strengthening of a wheel.
· the steering pump Is faulty.
· the steering mechanism Is faulty.

Serviceability of return of a steering wheel in rectilinear position is broken


· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· tyres are too poorly beefy.
· components of the steering mechanism Are worn out.
· adjustment of a steering column Is broken.
· spherical support Are worn out or damaged.
· components of a steering drive Are worn out or damaged.
· there Was a loss of greasing of components of a steering drive.
· greasing level in картере the steering mechanism Has fallen.
· the steering column Is jammed.

The steering wheel rotates every which way with various resistance


· leaks in картере the steering mechanism Take place.
· passableness of hydraulic lines of system of strengthening of a wheel Is broken.

Functioning of the steering pump is accompanied by the raised noise background


· the lack of oil of the pump Takes place.
· passableness of hoses, or the oil filter of the steering pump Is broken.
· Oslab fixture drive a pulley.
· adjustment of effort of a tension of a belt of a drive of the steering pump Is broken.
· the steering pump Is faulty.

The extraneous noise which are starting with a forward part of the car take place


· tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
· there Was a loss of greasing of spherical support or components of a steering drive.
· Oslab fixture of the steering mechanism, components of a steering drive and a suspension bracket.
· support of shock-absorbers Are worn out.
· shock-absorbers Are damaged.
· springs Are damaged.
· Oslabli of a nut of fastening of wheels.
· Are worn out or damaged шлицы back semiaxes.
· It is excessive axial люфт the back bridge.

During braking controllability of the car decreases


· Are worn out ступичные bearings of forward wheels.
· Are broken or screw springs/springs of a suspension bracket "have given".
· deformation of brake disks/drums Takes place.

The car has excessively given


· the Overload.
· shock-absorbers of rack-mount assemblages Are worn out.
· Are broken or screw springs/springs of a suspension bracket "have given".
· serviceability of functioning of an electropneumatic suspension bracket (Is broken at a corresponding complete set).

The gnash or other extraneous noise published by the steering mechanism takes place


· Oslab assemblage fixture реечной transfers.
· internal damage of the steering mechanism Takes place.

Excessive deterioration of tyres takes place

The raised deterioration of an internal or external part of a protector


· tyres (deterioration of both edges) are pumped insufficiently up.
· adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels Is broken.
· components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket, or their spherical hinges and-or резинометаллические plugs Are worn out.
· speed on turns does not decrease.
· mechanical infringement of geometry of a suspension bracket as a result of failure Takes place.

Scaly deterioration (обтрепывание) a protector

· convergence installation Is broken.

Deterioration of the central part of a protector


· Tyres are pumped up too strongly.

Deterioration of internal and external edges of a protector


· tyres are insufficiently strongly beefy.
· shock-absorbers Are worn out.

Non-uniform deterioration of a protector


· tyre/wheel balancing Is broken.
· excessively lateral palpation of a disk or the tyre.
· shock-absorbers Are worn out.
· the tyre Is damaged.

Diagnostics of malfunctions темпостата


The main switch темпостата does not join


· Check up a food.
· Check up the main switch темпостата.

Темпостат it is not established


· Check up switch SET/COAST.
· Check up the switch of a stoplight and parking fires
· Check up the coupling switch (РКПП).
· Check up the ignition switch (АТ).
· Check up the gauge of speed of the car (VSS).

The engine does not keep the established speed ± 3 km/h


· Check up the gauge of speed of the car.

Speed of the car were not withdrew-chivaet or does not come back on established after switch RESUME/ACCEL pressing


· Check up switch RESUME/ACCEL.

Speed of the car does not decrease after switch SET/COAST pressing


· Check up switch SET/COAST.

Темпостат it is not disconnected after switch CANCEL pressing


· Check up switch CANCEL.

Темпостат it is not disconnected after отпускания brake pedals


· Check up the switch of a stoplight and parking fires.

Темпостат it is not disconnected after отпускания coupling pedals (РКПП)


· Check up the coupling switch.

Problem diagnostics of an onboard electric equipment

Headlights


Serviceability of functioning of one or both headlights in a mode near or a headlight is broken


· quality of contact connection on a socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of a block headlight and serviceability of giving on it of a food from the battery. If a food moves regularly, and grounding is perfectly in order, replace the failed lamp. At infringement of giving of a food/grounding check up a condition of electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).
· the management switch Is faulty.

Brightness of a luminescence of one or both headlights is strongly lowered


· quality of contact connection on a socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of a block headlight and serviceability of giving on it of a food from the battery. If pressure of a food on a socket is strongly underestimated, check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).
· the socle of a corresponding lamp or its cartridge is strongly oxidised. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need replace the failed component.

Running and dimensional fires


Running and dimensional fires do not function


· quality of contact connection on a socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of the corresponding lighting device and serviceability of giving on it of a food from the battery. If a food moves regularly, and grounding is perfectly in order, check up a cartridge condition, in case of need replace the failed lamp. At infringement of giving of a food/grounding check up a condition of electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).
· the management switch Is faulty. Make replacement.

Alternating refusals of running and dimensional fires take place


· the incandescent filament of a corresponding lamp Is damaged. Check up, replace the failed lamp.
· the socle of a corresponding lamp or its cartridge is strongly oxidised. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need replace the failed component.
· electroconducting or its contact plugs Is damaged. Check up, make corresponding corrections.
· the management switch Is faulty. Make replacement.

Brightness of a luminescence of one of lighting devices is strongly lowered


· quality of contact connection on a socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of the corresponding lighting device and serviceability of giving on it of a food from the battery. If pressure of a food on a socket is strongly underestimated, check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).
· the socle of a corresponding lamp or its cartridge is strongly oxidised. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need replace the failed component.
· the management switch Is faulty. Make replacement.

Internal lighting devices


Internal illumination of salon does not function


· the management switch Is established in wrong position. Find the switch and translate it in corresponding position.
· quality of contact connection on a fixture socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding and serviceability of giving of a food from the battery. If a food is absent, check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock, in case of need make replacement. Check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see). In the absence of grounding check up a condition of contacts of door gauges-switches, remove corrosion traces, in case of need replace defective components.

Alternating refusal of internal illumination of salon takes place


· the incandescent filament of a corresponding lamp Is damaged. Check up, replace the failed lamp.
· the socle of a corresponding lamp or its cartridge is strongly oxidised. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need replace the failed component.
· contact plugs of an external socket of the fixture Are oxidised or damaged. Check up, smooth out or replace corresponding components.
· serviceability of functioning of door gauges-switches Is broken. Check up, replace the failed components.

Brightness of illumination of salon is strongly lowered


· quality of contact connection on a socket Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of the fixture and serviceability of giving on it of a food from the battery. If pressure of a food on a socket is strongly underestimated, check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).
· the socle of a corresponding lamp or its cartridge is strongly oxidised. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need replace the failed component.
· one of management switches/gauges-switches Is faulty. Make replacement.

Stoplights


Refusal of one of stoplights takes place


· serviceability of giving of pressure to a lamp of a corresponding stoplight Is broken. Check up, if a food moves regularly, estimate quality of grounding, in case of need replace a lamp. At revealing of signs of breakage of a contour of a food or weights check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see).

Refusal of both stoplights takes place


· adjustment of the gauge-switch of stoplights Is broken. Check up, make corresponding updating. If food giving to stoplights remains broken, despite serviceability of functioning of the gauge-switch, check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see), make necessary corrections.

Brightness of a luminescence of one or both stoplights is strongly lowered


· quality of contact connection on one of contact sockets of a corresponding chain Is broken. Check up quality of grounding of lantern assemblages and serviceability of giving on them of a food from the battery. If pressure of a food on a socket is strongly underestimated, check up a condition of elements and connecting electroconducting of a corresponding chain (schemes of electric connections see). Sometimes there is a necessity for removal of a defective socket and зачистке its landing surface.

Control lamps / light indicators

The control lamp () continues to burn after engine start


Control lamp of a charge


· the generator or a pressure regulator Is faulty. Check up, replace the failed components.
· short circuit in a chain of electroconducting of a corresponding lamp Takes place. Check up, make necessary corrections.

Control lamp of refusals MIL («Check up the engine»)


· time of carrying out of the next maintenance service of the engine Has approached, or adjusting parametres of the last are broken. Spend THAT, check up parametres of options, estimate a condition of spark plugs and the air filter, check up level and a condition of impellent oil. Make necessary adjustments and replacements.
· alternating repauperization of an air-fuel mix as a result of the approach by the end of a stock of fuel in a tank Takes place. Fill the car with fuel, make lamp reinstallation.
· quality of contact connections in a chain of system of injection/engine management Is broken. Check up a condition of electroconducting and contact sockets of the module of management and information gauges.
· depression losses in the inlet pipeline Take place. Check up a condition of a sealing lining and vacuum hoses.

Replace defective components.


· the raised expense of engine oil as a result of strong deterioration of internal components of the engine Takes place. Make regenerative repair of the power unit.

Control lamp ABS


· contact connections of wheel gauges Are oxidised, or between teeths of alarm rotors have got stuck extraneous particles. Check up, make necessary corrections.
· leaks in ГТЦ Take place. Examine the cylinder, replace the failed cuffs and linings.
· serviceability of functioning of the module of management ABS, the hydraulic pump or valves-regulators Is broken. Check up a condition of components, make necessary corrections/replace defective details.
· malfunction in an electric chain of wheel gauges/modules of management ABS Takes place. Attentively examine electroconducting, eliminate the revealed defects.

Control lamp of brake system


· level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS Has fallen. Check up a hydraulic path of brake system on presence of signs of leaks, will rectify the revealed faults, add in the tank necessary quantity of a liquid of a demanded grade.
· frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots are worn excessively out. Check up, make replacement of the failed components. Attention: Replacement of brake kolodok/boots is always made in the complete set for both wheels of a corresponding axis!
· defect in a chain of the alarm gauge of a control lamp Takes place. Check up, make necessary corrections, replace the failed components.

Control lamp of pressure of oil


Car operation at the lowered pressure of oil is fraught with the serious internal damages of the engine connected with expensive repair!

One of signs of inadmissible decrease in oil pressure is detonation increase at engine work.


· At operation of the given control lamp it is necessary to muffle immediately the engine and to check up level of engine oil and a condition of the oil filter. In case of need add corresponding quantity of oil from the canister which should be stored in the car and be updated at each replacement of oil.
· electroconducting of the gauge-switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil Is damaged. At the included ignition (the engine do not start) disconnect electroconducting from the gauge-switch, - the control lamp should not burn, otherwise check up electroconducting on presence of signs of short circuit on weight. Make sure of integrity of isolation on all length of wires, replace chain defective units.
· passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника Is broken. Remove the pallet картера and clean the filter.
· serviceability of functioning of the gauge-switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil Is broken. For check establish obviously serviceable gauge.
· passableness полнопоточного the oil filter Is broken, or oil leaks take place. Replace the filter.

Control lamp of raising of a lay brake


· the lever of a lay brake is not released. Do not forget to release a lay brake before a start of motion.
· adjusting position of the gauge-switch of a control lamp Is broken, or short circuit in a chain of its electroconducting takes place. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.
· the gauge-switch of a control lamp Is faulty. Check up, make replacement.

The control lamp () starts to blink during movement


Control lamp of a charge


· the generator or a pressure regulator Is faulty. Check up, replace the failed components.
· short circuit in a chain of electroconducting of a corresponding lamp Takes place. Check up, make necessary corrections.

Control lamp MIL («Check up the engine»)


· time of carrying out of the next maintenance service of the engine Has approached, or adjusting parametres of the last are broken. Spend THAT, check up parametres of options, estimate a condition of spark plugs and the air filter, check up level and a condition of impellent oil. Make necessary adjustments and replacements.
· alternating repauperization of an air-fuel mix as a result of the approach by the end of a stock of fuel in a tank Takes place. Fill the car with fuel, make lamp reinstallation.
· quality of contact connections in a chain of system of injection/engine management Is broken. Check up a condition of electroconducting and contact sockets of the module of management and information gauges.
· depression losses in the inlet pipeline Take place. Check up a condition of a sealing lining and vacuum hoses.

Replace defective components.


· electroconducting of a chain of a control lamp Is damaged. Check up electroconducting on presence of short circuits, will rectify the revealed faults.

Control lamp ABS


· contact connections of wheel gauges Are oxidised, or between teeths of alarm rotors have got stuck extraneous particles. Check up, make necessary corrections.
· leaks in ГТЦ Take place. Examine the cylinder, replace the failed cuffs and linings.
· serviceability of functioning of the module of management ABS, the hydraulic pump or valves-regulators Is broken. Check up a condition of components, make necessary corrections/replace defective details.
· malfunction in an electric chain of wheel gauges/modules of management ABS Takes place. Attentively examine electroconducting, eliminate the revealed defects.

Control lamp of brake system


· level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS Has fallen. Check up a hydraulic path of brake system on presence of signs of leaks, will rectify the revealed faults, add in the tank necessary quantity of a liquid of a demanded grade.
· frictional overlays of brake kolodok/boots are worn excessively out. Check up, make replacement of the failed components. Attention: Replacement of brake kolodok/boots is always made in the complete set for both wheels of a corresponding axis!
· defect in a chain of the alarm gauge of a control lamp Takes place. Check up, make necessary corrections, replace the failed components.

Control lamp of pressure of oil


 Car operation at the lowered pressure of oil is fraught with the serious internal damages of the engine connected with expensive repair.


 One of signs of inadmissible decrease in oil pressure is detonation increase at engine work.


· At operation of the given control lamp it is necessary to muffle immediately the engine and to check up level of engine oil and a condition of the oil filter. In case of need add corresponding quantity of oil from the canister which should be stored in the car and be updated at each replacement of oil.
· electroconducting of the gauge-switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil Is damaged. At the included ignition (the engine do not start) disconnect electroconducting from the gauge-switch, - the control lamp should not burn, otherwise check up electroconducting on presence of signs of short circuit on weight. Make sure of integrity of isolation on all length of wires, replace chain defective units.
· passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника Is broken. Remove the pallet картера and clean the filter.
· serviceability of functioning of the gauge-switch of a control lamp of pressure of oil Is broken. For check establish obviously serviceable gauge.

Control lamp of raising of a lay brake


· the lever of a lay brake is not released. Do not forget to release a lay brake before a start of motion.
· adjusting position of the gauge-switch of a control lamp Is broken, or short circuit in a chain of its electroconducting takes place. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.
· the gauge-switch of a control lamp Is faulty. Check up, make replacement.

The control lamp () does not light up at inclusion of ignition without engine start


· the lamp Is faulty, - check up by substitution obviously serviceable.
· breakage in цеп Takes place. Check up a condition of corresponding electroconducting.
· the corresponding gauge-switch Is faulty, or defect in a chain of its electroconducting takes place. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults, replace defective components.

Indexes of turns the alarm system


Signal lights join, but work in a continuous mode


· the breaker Is faulty. Replace the failed block.

Bilateral refusal of signal lights takes place


· Has fused a safety lock. Check up, make replacement.
· the breaker Has failed, - check up by substitution of obviously serviceable block.
· malfunction in an electroconducting chain Takes place. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.

Unilateral refusal of signal lights takes place


· Have fused lamps. Check up, replace the failed lamps.
· quality of grounding of assemblages of corresponding fires Is broken. Check up, eliminate breakage.

One of signal lights does not join only


· the lamp Has fused. Check up, make replacement.
· contact surfaces of a socle/cartridge Are oxidised. Check up, smooth out plugs.
· quality of grounding of a cartridge of a corresponding lamp Is broken. Check up, eliminate breakage.

Frequency of gleams of signal lights is strongly lowered


· too powerful lamps Are established. Replace lamps.

Frequency of gleams of signal lights is strongly raised


· insufficiently powerful lamps Are established. Replace lamps.
· the breaker not that type Is established. Replace the breaker.

Serviceability of functioning of a control lamp of the alarm system is broken


· corresponding external signal lights Are faulty. Check up, in case of need replace a control lamp.
· the alarm system switch Is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.

Serviceability of functioning of one of control lamps of indexes of turns is broken


· the lamp Has fused. Check up, make replacement.
· the breaker Is faulty, - check up by substitution of obviously serviceable block, in case of need make replacement.

Horn


The sound signal is absent


· Has fused a corresponding safety lock. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
· serviceability of giving of a food on a small horn Is broken, or breakage in a grounding contour takes place. Check up. If a food moves regularly, replace a small horn. In case of refusal revealing check up a condition of corresponding electroconducting.

The tonality of sounding of a small horn has changed

· On models with one small horn make replacement of the last.
· On models with 2-rozhkovym a horn check up serviceability of functioning of the second small horn. Serially disconnecting from small horns electroconducting, check up serviceability of functioning of each of them separately. Replace the failed component.
· Check up correctness of installation of a small horn (ов), - small horns should be established by a bell downwards. Make sure that in a small horn extraneous subjects have not got.

Screen wipers


Screen wipers do not function


· Has fused a safety lock. Check up, make replacement.
· the management switch Is faulty. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults, in case of need replace the switch.
· quality of contact connections in a chain of the electric drive of screen wipers Is broken. Check up, smooth out plugs, replace the failed elements.
· quality of grounding of the switch of management or drive the electromotor Is broken. Check up, eliminate the revealed breakages.

There is an overheat drive the electromotor, inclusion of screen wipers leads выбиванию a safety lock

· internal damage of the electromotor Takes place. Make replacement.
· Are jammed, or draughts of a drive of levers of screen wipers are deformed. Check up, make necessary corrections, replace the failed components.

Functioning of one or both levers of screen wipers at serviceable work drive the electromotor is broken


· Oslab fixture corresponding приводной draughts. Check up, tighten fixture.
· Oslablo lever fastening on a drive axis. Tighten a nut, in case of need make replacement of the corresponding lever / axial knot of a drive.

At brush switching-off do not come back in parking position


· As a result of malfunction of the switch of management the order of switching-off of a food from drive the electromotor is broken. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.
· infringement in a chain of a parking contour drive the motor Takes place. Replace the electromotor. Before installation of levers start system for the purpose of finding-out of correct parking position of screen wipers. Having finished installation, include screen wipers in the maximum high-speed mode and make sure that brushes in extreme positions do not hit about facing of a window aperture.

Problem diagnostics of a combination of devices

Speedometer with тросовым a drive

Speedometer functioning is completely broken


· the cable is connected in the wrong image by Privodnoj to assemblage of a measuring instrument or a leading gear wheel. Check up, make necessary corrections.
· the cable is torn off by Privodnoj, or there was a rounding off of tips by means of which its fastening in measuring instrument assemblage / a leading gear wheel is carried out. Check up, in case of need replace a cable.
· the leading gear wheel of a speedometer Is worn out. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
· the measuring instrument Is faulty, - check up by substitution of obviously serviceable assemblage. In case of need make replacement.

Fluctuations of an arrow of a measuring instrument at movement with constant speed take place


· correctness of a lining of a cable Is broken, excesses or twisting take place. Check up, make necessary corrections, in case of revealing of signs of damage of a cover replace a cable.
· Trosovaja assemblage requires greasing. Remove a cable, examine it on presence of damages (in case of need make replacement), grease and establish into place.

Takes place alternating infringements of functioning of a speedometer


· completeness of connection of a cable and reliability of its fixing in clips Is broken. Check up, make necessary corrections.
· Are worn out cable tips (are rounded). Check up, in case of need replace тросовую assemblage.

Speedometer with an electric drive


Speedometer functioning is completely broken


· the inductive exit of the gauge of speed (VSS) Is faulty. Replace the gauge.
· electroconducting on a chain site between VSS and a speedometer Is damaged. Examine electroconducting, estimate quality of contact connections, will rectify the revealed faults, replace defective components.
· the measuring instrument Is damaged, - check up by substitution of obviously serviceable assemblage. In case of need make replacement.

Takes place alternating infringements of functioning of a speedometer


· quality of contact connections on a chain site between VSS and a speedometer Is broken. Check up, make necessary corrections, replace defective components.
· the inductive descent of the gauge of speed (VSS) Is faulty. Replace the gauge.

Measuring instruments of a stock of fuel and engine temperature


Measuring instrument functioning is completely broken


· Has fused a corresponding safety lock. Check up, make replacement.
· breakage in a chain of electroconducting of a corresponding measuring instrument Takes place. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.
· the corresponding gauge Is faulty. Check up, make replacement.
· adequacy of installation of a measuring instrument or its gauge Is broken. Check up, make corresponding corrections.

Stability of indications of a measuring instrument is broken


· quality of contact connections of a corresponding electric chain Is broken. Check up, will rectify the revealed faults.
· the measuring instrument Is faulty. Make replacement.

The measuring instrument continuously fixes the maximum indication


· short circuit on weight in a chain of electroconducting of a corresponding measuring instrument Takes place.
· the measuring instrument Is faulty. Make replacement.
· serviceability of grounding of a measuring instrument Is broken. Check up, eliminate breakage.
· adequacy of installation of a measuring instrument or its gauge Is broken. Check up, make corresponding corrections.
On the main page