Audi A3

Since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi A3
- The maintenance instruction
   Cars of mark Audi A3/S3 - the summary
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Controls and receptions of safe operation
   Arrangement of controls and devices
   Keys, locks of a body with uniform management and the security alarm system
   Electric window raiser and rear-view mirrors
   Safety systems. Transportation of children
   Seats
   Luggage carrier
   Adjustable steering column
   Manual brake
   Automatic transmission
   The device of the acoustic help at a parking
   The lock of ignition and engine start
   Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems
   The travelling computer
   Switches and switches
   Темпостат
   Screen wipers and washer
   Ventilation, heater and the conditioner of air of salon
   The podemno-sdvizhnaja panel крыши*
   Salon and luggage carrier illumination
   The salon equipment
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Обкатка
   Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)
   Trailer operation
   Fuelling and emergency unlocking of a cover refuelling лючка
   Cowl
   Readjustment of headlights
   The first-aid set
   Sign on an emergency stop
   The complete set of the tool and jack
   Spare wheel
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission and models with a full drive
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electroschemes



Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)

THE GENERAL DATA

Economically and ecologically optimum driving

The fuel expense, environmental contamination, deterioration of the engine, brakes and tyres depend on various factors.

The driving manner substantially defines profitability, toxicity of emissions and noise level.

Do not warm up the engine idling.


Warming up idling takes away a lot of time. And at a warming up stage intensity of deterioration of the engine and level of toxicity of emissions are especially high. Therefore, as soon as the engine was got, at once begin movement, avoiding thus raised turns.

Avoid dispersals with completely squeezed out pedal of an accelerator.

Precisely dosing out pressing a pedal, it is possible to reduce essentially the fuel expense, having lowered simultaneously environmental contamination and intensity of deterioration of rubbing details.

At movement avoid it is useless high turns. Be switched to the raised transfer as soon as possible, and on lowered only when without it engine work can be broken.

For example, the expense of fuel on 2nd transfer more than twice above, than at movement on the highest transfer. Simultaneously, thanks to decrease in turns of the engine, level of its noise decreases.

Whenever possible do not lead up speed to the maximum.


In process of escalating of speed there is a superproportional increase in the expense of the fuel, harmful emissions and noise level.

Movement should be whenever possible uniform, based on ability to expect a situation on road.

Useless maneuvering with dispersals and braking is paid by the raised expense of fuel and environmental contamination.

Suppress the engine at delays in a way, caused by traffic conditions.

Concrete service conditions
also affect the fuel expense.

Following situations are adverse concerning the fuel expense, for example:

High intensity of movement, especially on streets of cities, with numerous traffic lights.

Movement with frequent stops, with start and engine warming up before each following departure.

Movement in a column on hill-climbing gears, with rather great number of turns of the engine on unit of the passed way.

Planning the trips in advance, whenever possible avoid movement with frequent stops, movements in a column, etc. situations.

Certainly, the fuel expense depends also on factors which the driver cannot influence. Normally, for example, if the expense increases in the winter or at operation in difficult conditions (a bad condition проезжей parts, movement with the trailer etc.).

Specifications

The economical expense of fuel and profitability are put in the car by its working out and manufacturing. Special value was given to environmental contamination decrease. For optimum realisation and preservation of the given qualities observe mentioned below recommendations:

Procedural maintenance service spend according to the plan THAT

Service according to the plan guarantees not only constant readiness for operation, but also profitability, decrease in environmental contamination and durability.

Check pressure of air in tyres each 4 weeks.

At pressure drop below norm resistance качению increases. Thereof increases not only the fuel expense, but also deterioration of tyres is accelerated. Dynamic properties of the car simultaneously worsen.

Do not carry in a luggage carrier a useless ballast.

Especially at movement in a city, in need of frequent conversations, the weight of the car considerably influences the fuel expense.

Luggage carrier on a roof remove right after usings.

Especially at high speed the expense of fuel because of increase in aerodynamic resistance increases.

Current consumers include only in the event that it is really necessary.

Heating of back glass, additional headlights, the fan of a heater and кондиционер* are characterised by essential consumption of capacity. Corresponding increase of loading increases the fuel expense by the generator.

Regularly watch the fuel expense.

The fuel expense check at each refuelling. It will allow to debug in due time, leaders to its over-expenditure.

Check oil level at refuelling.

The oil expense in an essential measure depends on loading and number of turns of the engine.

Authentically to judge the oil expense it is possible only after run of the first 5000 km.

The told concerns also the expense of fuel and capacity of the engine.

Normal work каталитического the converter of the fulfilled gases is a solving condition of operation of the car.

Therefore observance of following rules is obligatory:

The car with catalytic the converter fill only неэтилированным with fuel.

Even disposable refuelling этилированным gasoline conducts to deterioration of effect of work of the converter.

If the car was maintained on неleaded fuel, necessarily replace каталитический the converter.

Never develop fuel to an empty tank on the car with catalytic the converter.

Infringement of giving of fuel can lead to faults in ignition. Because of it not burnt down fuel gets to system of release of the fulfilled gases. It can lead to an overheat and damage каталитического the converter.

If during car movement there will be faults in ignition, falling of capacity and non-uniform work of the engine malfunction in ignition system can be the reason. In this case not burnt down fuel can get to system of release of the fulfilled gases, and therefrom in atmosphere. Besides, каталитический the converter can fail from an overheat. At once lower speed and eliminate malfunction on the nearest HUNDRED Audi.

Do not pour oil in the engine above the maximum mark.

It is not necessary to tow the car for the purpose of engine start on distance over 50 m.

Leaving the car on parking, remember the following:

ATTENTION

As каталитический the converter heats up to a heat, do not park the car on dry foliage and other, inflammable materials.



Movement on bad roads

In order to avoid damages of your car remember the following:

At arrival on a platform, бордюрный a stone, movement on bad roads etc. watch, that knots and details being under the bottom, for example, the spoiler and an exhaust pipe have not been damaged.

It especially concerns cars with a low suspension bracket (a sports variant) and at a car total load.

Braking

General provisions

New brake Pads should be earned extra and consequently on the first 400 km after replacement do not provide optimum braking. Decrease in efficiency of braking is compensated by corresponding increase in effort at a brake pedal.
During the period обкатки avoid strong braking, especially on very high speed, and also braking on steep slopes and descents (for example, passes).

Under certain conditions operation, for example, after journey on water, at a strong rain or after a sink, the brake effect can decrease because of humidifying, and in the winter even to come the icing brake колодок or disks. In this case dry up brakes easy braking. Decrease in brake effect probably also after a long break in using brakes at movement on the roads strewed by salt. First of all, remove a layer of salt from brake disks and колодок a lung braking.

Occurrence of corrosion of brake disks and pollution of overlays are promoted by long idle standing of the car, insignificant run and low loadings of brake system.

At long low loading of brake system, and also at corrosion occurrence, for the purpose of restoration of trouble-free work of brakes, it is recommended to clear brake disks and Pads strong enough repeated braking at average speed of the car.

Carry out the given braking it is possible only under favorable road conditions and provided that it will not represent danger to other participants of traffic.

The sudden increase in a course of a brake pedal is possible at refusal of one of contours of two-planimetric brake system. In this case it is necessary to move slowly to the nearest HUNDRED Audi, considering increase in effort at a pedal of a brake and a brake way.
Regularly check level of a brake liquid.

About falling of level of a liquid below norm fire of a control lamp of brake system or indication of the monitoring system of malfunctions автомобиля* signals (address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems).

The amplifier of a brake drive

The amplifier of a brake drive operates only in the presence of the vacuum created by working engine. Therefore never suppose car movements накатом with the idle engine.

When the amplifier of a brake drive does not work, for example, because of its damage or necessity of towage of the car the effort to a brake pedal should be much more for the purpose of indemnification of absent effect of strengthening.

Use of additional rugs under feet of the driver

To using pedals never and nothing should disturb. Therefore underfoot it is impossible to place subjects which can slide off under pedals.

At malfunctions of brake system for braking the increase in a course of a pedal can be demanded.

At any moment possibility of squeezing of pedals of coupling and an accelerator against the stop should be provided.

Possibility of unobstructed returning of all pedals in a starting position should be guaranteed.

In a zone of pedals there should not be also foot rugs and other additional subjects covering a floor.

Therefore the rugs which are not coming into a zone of pedals and which can be fixed in order to avoid their displacement are supposed to application only.

ATTENTION

In space for feet the finding of any subjects as at sudden maneuvering or braking they can get to a zone of pedals is not supposed at all and you cannot manipulate pedals of a brake, coupling or an accelerator!



System of antiblocking of brakes (ABS)

ABS appreciably promotes increase of efficiency of safety of the car. Decided advantage of brake system with ABS in comparison with the usual consists that wheels are not blocked even at emergency braking on slippery road. Thanks to it in the maximum degree controllability and stability of the car remains.

It is impossible to count, however, that thanking ABS a brake way will be less under any circumstances. At movement on gravel or свежевыпавшему to the snow lying over slippery road when and without that it is necessary to move extremely cautiously and with the minimum speed, the brake way can even increase slightly.

Principle of action ABS

At achievement of speed of the car about 6 km/h there is an automatic process of the control. Thus it is possible to hear noise of work of the pump.

At propensity of a wheel to blocking pressure in a brake drive of the given wheel decreases. The given process of regulation is appreciable by a pulsation of a brake pedal and accompanied by characteristic noise displays. Thereby to the driver the warning signal about work of one or several wheels in a mode close to юзу is specially given. For maintenance in this mode of optimum effect of regulation by means of ABS keep a pedal of a brake pressed, and do not brake at all in some качков!

ATTENTION

Any ABS cannot fall outside the limits physically possible. Consider it, first of all on slippery or wet road. At first signs проскальзывания wheels, at once lower speed according to road and transport conditions.


The raised degree of safety should not provoke dangerous risk.

About malfunction of system of antiblocking of brakes the control lamp signals – address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.

Electronic blocking of differential (EDS) *

EDS works together with ABS. EDS operates in an automatic mode – i.e. without participation of the driver.

By means of sensor controls ABS supervises turns of driving wheels till the speed about 40 km/h (a forward drive) or 80 km/h (a full drive).

ABS brakes revolving wheels (for example, on slippery проезжей parts), and on having the best coupling with wheel road the raised rotating moment is transferred.

It is necessary to adhere to following recommendations:

At трогании from a place press an accelerator pedal according to road conditions. At wheel proslipping (for example, one wheel on ice) press an accelerator pedal so that the car has got under way from a place.

At acceleration on equally slippery roads on all width, for example, in ice and snow cautiously press an accelerator pedal. Especially on front-wheel cars there is a probability пробуксовывания driving wheels, despite EDS, and by that stability infringements at movement.

EDS for short time it is disconnected, that the disk brake of a braking wheel has not overheated at extraordinary high loading. Thus the car is ready for operation and has the same dynamic properties, as the car without EDS.

ATTENTION

The driving mode should correspond to a condition проезжей to a part and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of traffic safety caused EDS, should not provoke dangerous risk!



Antiprobuksovochnaja system (ASR) *

ASR interferes пробуксовыванию driving wheels at трогании from a place and dispersal by decrease in a twisting moment of the engine.
ASR works together with ABS in all range of speeds. At malfunction ABS will not work and ASR.

ASR joins automatically at engine start. In need of it it is possible to include and disconnect pressing of a key among switches – address to subsection Switches and switches.

At the disconnected system control lamp ASR burns. Address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.
Usually ASR should be always included. Only in defined, unusual cases, if necessary проскальзывания, it should be disconnected, namely:

– At movement with established emergency колесом*
– At movement with chains противоскольжения
– At movement on deep snow or a friable ground
– At attempt to leave враскачку after jamming, and also
– At entrance on liftings with the extremely various degree of coupling of driving wheels (for example, under the left wheel – ice, under right – dry asphalt).
After that again include the device.

ATTENTION

The driving mode should correspond to a condition проезжей to a part and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of traffic safety caused ASR, should not provoke dangerous risk!
Condition of trouble-free work ASR is installation of identical tyres on all four wheels of the car. Application of different tyres can lead to decrease in capacity of the engine.


The electronic program of stabilisation of course stability (ESP) *


ESP raises efficiency of the control over dynamics of movement of the car in not ordinary situations, for example, at acceleration and on turns.

ESP expands functions ABS / ASR and reduces at any traffic conditions danger of drift. Stability of the car thereby improves during movement.

ESP works in a combination with ABS in all range of speeds. At failure ABS will not work and ESP.

ESP joins automatically at start of the engine and spends self-diagnostics.

If necessary, ESP it is possible to include and disconnect key pressing (ESP).

At disconnected ESP its control lamp burns. Address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.

Usually ESP should be always included. Only in certain unusual cases, if necessary проскальзывания, it is necessary to disconnect it, namely:

– At movement on deep snow or a friable ground
– At attempt to leave in a swing after jamming.

After that again include ESP.

At disconnected ESP, remain in operating conditions ABS and EDS.

Action principle

Into the electronic program of stabilisation of course stability enter ABS, EDS and ASR. Along with received at work of these devices as the data, monitor ESP requires the additional parametres received by means of high-sensitivity sensor controls. Round its vertical axis, cross-section acceleration, pressure speed of rotation of the car is measured in system of a brake drive and an angle of rotation of operated wheels.

On an angle of rotation of wheels and speed of the car intention of a direction of movement of the driver which is continuously compared to an actual operating mode of the car is defined. At divergences, for example, the beginning of drift of the car, ESP automatically brakes a corresponding wheel.

As a result of influence on a wheel at braking of effective forces there is a car stabilisation. At the tendency to drift of the back bridge of the car, influence of brake effort is carried out mainly on external in relation to the turn centre a forward wheel. At the tendency to drift of a forward part of the car, the nearest is braked to the turn centre a back wheel. Work ESP is accompanied by noise.

ATTENTION

Any ESP cannot fall outside the limits physically possible. Remember it, first of all on slippery or wet road.


The driving mode should correspond to a condition проезжей to a part and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of safety caused ESP, should not provoke dangerous risk!

Full drive (quattro) *

The full drive of your car works in an automatic mode.

The twisting moment is distributed automatically, in optimum conformity with dynamics of movement of the car and concrete road conditions.

Thanks to the all-wheel drive configuration developed with orientation to the big capacity of the engine, you Audi is extraordinary effective car with excellent road performance, as under normal conditions проезжей parts, and in extreme conditions, during snow or ice.

Necessarily observe following safety rules:

ATTENTION

The driving mode should correspond to a condition проезжей to a part and concrete road and transport conditions. The raised degree of safety, models with a full drive and ABS, should not provoke dangerous risk!


Brake possibilities are limited by coupling of tyres with road and differ nothing from brake possibilities of the car with two driving wheels.

Therefore the high dynamics of dispersal remaining even on a slippery covering, never should provoke to abusing high speeds.

Moving on wet road, remember that at too high speed emerging (hydroplaning) of forward wheels is possible. Thus, unlike front-wheel cars, the emerging beginning is not characterised by sudden increase in number of turns of the engine. Therefore avoid too high speeds, choosing them according to concrete road conditions.

Movement on dirt roads

Audi is not the car of the raised passableness. The road gleam is for this purpose too small.

Winter tyres

All-wheel drive cars even with serial tyres in winter conditions have good tjagovo-dynamic qualities. However for improvement of road performance and increase of efficiency of braking establish on all four wheels of the tyre with winter drawing of a protector or the tyres intended for any weather. Address also to subsection Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them. A designation of tyres and disks of wheels.

Application of chains противоскольжения

The rules ordering necessarily using by chains противоскольжения, extend as well on all-wheel drive cars. More detailed information on application of chains противоскольжения is resulted in subsection Rotation and replacement of wheels. Chains противоскольжения.
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