Audi A3

Since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi A3
- The maintenance instruction
   Cars of mark Audi A3/S3 - the summary
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Controls and receptions of safe operation
   Arrangement of controls and devices
   Keys, locks of a body with uniform management and the security alarm system
   Electric window raiser and rear-view mirrors
   Safety systems. Transportation of children
   Seats
   Luggage carrier
   Adjustable steering column
   Manual brake
   Automatic transmission
   The device of the acoustic help at a parking
   The lock of ignition and engine start
   Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems
   The travelling computer
   Switches and switches
   Темпостат
   Screen wipers and washer
   Ventilation, heater and the conditioner of air of salon
   The podemno-sdvizhnaja panel крыши*
   Salon and luggage carrier illumination
   The salon equipment
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Обкатка
   Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)
   Trailer operation
   Fuelling and emergency unlocking of a cover refuelling лючка
   Cowl
   Readjustment of headlights
   The first-aid set
   Sign on an emergency stop
   The complete set of the tool and jack
   Spare wheel
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission and models with a full drive
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electroschemes


https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoah5uA-uF-j35-MalVTfRQ


Automatic transmission

THE GENERAL DATA

4-step automatic трансмиссия*



The car is completed with 4-step automatic transmission with electronic control.

Switching on raised and hill-climbing gears is carried out according to programs of movement stored in memory.

The dynamic program of switchings (DSP)

Early transition on raised and late – on hill-climbing gears provides the optimum expense of fuel.
The monitor carries out an automatic choice of the program.

At a reserved manner of driving automatics chooses the economic program of switching.

At a temperamental manner of driving with sharp dispersals and frequent differences of speed, with use of the maximum speed or after sharp pressing a pedal of an accelerator automatics works in a range of sports programs. Late transition to the raised transfers allows to realise a stock of capacity of the engine completely. Switching on hill-climbing gears is carried out at higher turns of the engine in comparison with the economic program.

The choice optimum on concrete conditions of the program of movement represents continuous process. However irrespective of it it is possible to be switched to more sports program, sharply having pressed an accelerator pedal. Thus the transmission is switched to a hill-climbing gear corresponding to actual speed of movement, providing possibility of dynamical dispersal (for example, at overtaking) without necessity of sharp pressing against the stop accelerator pedals. After return switching on the raised transfer and at a corresponding mode of driving work under the primary program is restored.

The movement program in mountains operates a choice of transfers on liftings and descents. Thanks to it it is not required to be switched at movement to lifting. Pressing of a pedal of a brake at movement under a bias carries out switching on a hill-climbing gear. Thereof it is possible to brake the engine without resorting to manual switching.

Blocking of the lever of the selector

Automatic blocking of the lever of the selector


At the included ignition the selector lever is blocked in position “Р” and “N”.

For страгивания it of these positions squeeze out a brake pedal. It prevents involuntary inclusion of transfer of a course and spontaneous movement of the car from a place.

As a reminder to the driver at a finding of the lever of the selector in positions “Р” and “N” on the control panel display there is an indication “BEIM EINLEGEN EINER FAHRSTUFE IM STAND FUSSBREMSE BETДTIGEN” (at a choice of a mode of movement of the motionless car squeeze out a brake pedal). Besides, on a gear change side scene the symbol represented above lights up.

At speeds approximately from 5 km/h and above there is an automatic cancellation of blocking of the lever of the selector which is in position “N”.

The blocking button



The button of blocking of the lever of the selector interferes with involuntary inclusion of transfers. By pressing of the given button the selector lever is deblocked.

For illustrations red colour allocates positions at which it is necessary to press the blocking button.

Key blocking in the ignition lock

After deenergizing of ignition the key can be taken from the lock only at a finding of the lever of the selector in position “Р” (lay blocking).

After extraction of a key from the lock the selector lever is blocked in position “Р”.

Position of the lever of the selector


At the included ignition on a control panel there is an indication of actual position of the lever of the selector. On the given illustration position “D” is shown.

Р lay blocking

Driving wheels are blocked. Lay blocking can use only after a car stop.

R backing transfer

Backing transfer can be included only after a stop of the car and at engine work in an idling mode.

At the included ignition and a finding of the lever of the selector in position “R” backing lanterns burn.

N neutral position (idling position)

Establish the selector lever in the given position only at long breaks of movement.

D a substantive provision at advance

Switching on raised and hill-climbing gears of a forward course is carried out automatically, depending on loading of the engine, speed and the program.

In a movement mode under certain conditions happens more preferably temporarily to translate the selector lever in one of нижеописываемых positions.

3 position for movement on hilly roads

The given position is recommended at frequent switching from 3rd transfer on 4th and back when the selector lever is in the basic position “D”.
4th transfer is blocked. Thanks to it the brake effect of the engine a little raises at the released pedal of an accelerator.

2 position for movement in mountains

The given position approaches for overcoming of long descents and liftings.
3rd and 4th transfers are blocked. It will allow to avoid useless switching on the raised transfers and to increase brake effect of the engine.

1 position for overcoming of abrupt biases

This position is recommended for overcoming of liftings and descents with exclusively big bias of a longitudinal profile – especially at movement with the trailer.
The car moves only on 1st transfer. It reaches the maximum brake effect of the engine.
ATTENTION

At manual switching on hill-climbing gears it is possible to establish the selector lever in positions “3”, “2” and “1”. However automatics will be switched only after becomes impossible разносное increase in turns of the engine.


Device Kick-down

Device Kick-down allows to realise the maximum acceleration. By sharp pressing of a pedal of an accelerator with transition of a point of resistance automatics is switched to a hill-climbing gear depending on turns and speed. Switching on the following raised transfer occurs only on reaching the maximum number of turns of the engine.

Maintenance instructions

Engine start


The engine can be got only at a finding of the lever of the selector in position “N” or “Р”. Address to also subsection the Lock of ignition and engine start.

Choice of a mode of movement

Before a choice of a mode of movement of the motionless car with working engine always press a brake pedal.
At the switching which is carried out to трогания from a place, do not press an accelerator pedal.

At inadvertent switching of the lever in position “N” during movement before to return to the necessary mode of movement, dump gas and wait falling of turns before idling.


ATTENTION

Irrespective of the chosen mode of movement, at the working engine keep the car a foot brake as even in an idling mode kinematic communication of the engine with wheels does not disappear completely – the car "creeps".
At the motionless car with the included mode of movement at all do not add gas (for example, a hand in подкапотном space). Otherwise the car will start to move at once, is possible even at the tightened manual brake.



Before the beginning of works with working engine translate the selector lever in position “Р” and tighten a manual brake.

Трогание from a place


Include the necessary mode of movement. Wait, while automatics will execute inclusion, having created power short circuit of a transmission with driving wheels (at the moment of inclusion we will feel a little push). Only after that add gas.

Stop

At short-term stops, for example, at traffic lights to be switched in neutral position “N” it is not necessary. To keep the car a brake enough. However the engine thus should work only in an idling mode.

Parking

At a stop out of the blue it is enough to include lay blocking. If the road has a bias, at first tighten a manual brake, and then include lay blocking. Thanks to it loading decreases for the mechanism of blocking and its subsequent deenergizing is facilitated.

The emergency program

At malfunction of system automatics is switched to the emergency program. About it fire / extinction all segments on a display board signals at once.

Depending on a road situation it is possible to interrupt communication of a transmission with driving wheels. At the subsequent start of the engine and movement (the selector lever in position “Р” or “N”) communication between a transmission and driving wheels is redeemed by installation of the lever of the selector in the necessary position. However in position “D” in any case 3rd transfer will join. If necessary большей forces of draught (for example, in mountains, movement with the trailer) it is possible to begin movement at a finding of the lever of the selector in position “1”.

Probably also inclusion of transfer of a backing.
ATTENTION

At transmission switching on emergency operation as soon as possible address on HUNDRED Audi.


Tiptronic*


The car is completed with 5-step automatic transmission with electronic control.

For the purpose of decrease in the expense of fuel and preservation of the environment, on some updatings transmission is arranged so that the maximum speed of the car is reached only on 4th transfer.

Switching on raised and hill-climbing gears is carried out according to programs of movement stored in memory. There is also a possibility of a manual gear change (the manual program of switching).

The dynamic program of switchings (DSP)

The monitor carries out automatic switching of programs.

At a reserved manner of driving automatics chooses the economic program of switching.

Early transition on raised and late – on hill-climbing gears provides the optimum expense of fuel.

At a temperature manner of driving with sharp dispersals and frequent differences of speed, with use of the maximum speed or after sharp pressing a pedal of an accelerator automatics works in a range of sports programs. Late transition to the raised transfers allows to realise a stock of capacity of the engine completely. Switching on hill-climbing gears is carried out at higher turns of the engine in comparison with the economic program.

The choice optimum on concrete conditions of the program of movement represents continuous process. However irrespective of it it is possible to be switched to more sports program, sharply having pressed an accelerator pedal. Thus the transmission is switched to a hill-climbing gear corresponding to actual speed of movement, providing possibility of dynamical dispersal (for example, at overtaking) without necessity of sharp pressing against the stop accelerator pedals. After return switching on the raised transfer and at a corresponding mode of driving work under the primary program is restored.

The movement program in mountains operates a choice of transfers on liftings and descents. Thanks to it it is not required to be switched at movement to lifting. Pressing of a pedal of a brake at movement under a bias carries out switching on a hill-climbing gear. Thereof it is possible to brake the engine without resorting to manual switching.

The manual program of switching


For switching on a manual mode wring out the lever of the selector from position “D” to the right. To be switched to a manual mode it is possible both during movement, and during parking. At the included manual mode, on the display there is an indication of the included transfer “5, 4, 3, 2, 1”.


While translating the selector lever forward (+) there is a switching on the raised transfers. While translating back (–) – on hill-climbing gears.

At dispersal on 1, 2, 3 and 4 transfers the box will automatically be switched to the following raised transfer shortly before achievement of the maximum turns of the engine.

At switching from the raised transfer on lowered automatics will be switched only after becomes impossible разносное increase in turns of the engine.

At work of device Kick-down transmission is switched to a hill-climbing gear depending on speed of the car and engine turns.

Sports steering wheel “Tiptronic” *


The keys located on a steering wheel give the chance a manual gear change.

Certainly, the gear change the selector lever on the average console is thus possible also.

At the included manual program of switchings of a key on a steering wheel are shined.


At нажимании on the top party (+) switching on the raised transfers occurs one of two keys.

At нажимании on the bottom party (–) – on hill-climbing gears.

At dispersal on 1, 2, 3 and 4 transfers the box will automatically be switched to the following raised transfer shortly before achievement of the maximum turns of the engine.

At switching from the raised transfer on lowered automatics will be switched only after becomes impossible разносное increase in turns of the engine.

Blocking of the lever of the selector

Automatic blocking of the lever of the selector


At the included ignition the selector lever is blocked in position “Р” and “N”.

For страгивания it of these positions squeeze out a brake pedal. It prevents involuntary inclusion of transfer of a course and spontaneous movement of the car from a place.

As a reminder to the driver at a finding of the lever of the selector in positions “Р” and “N” on the display of a control panel with information system водителя* there is an indication “BEIM EINLEGEN EINER FAHRSTUFE IM STAND FUSSBREMSE BETДTIGEN” (at a choice of a mode of movement of the motionless car squeeze out a brake pedal). Besides, on a gear change side scene the symbol represented above lights up.

At speeds approximately from 5 km/h and above there is an automatic cancellation of blocking of the lever of the selector which is in position “N”.


The button of blocking of the lever of the selector interferes with involuntary inclusion of transfers. By pressing of the given button the selector lever is deblocked.

For illustrations red colour allocates positions at which it is necessary to press the blocking button.

Key blocking in the ignition lock


After deenergizing of ignition the key can be taken from the lock only at a finding of the lever of the selector in position “Р” (lay blocking).

After extraction of a key from the lock the lever is blocked in position “Р”.

Positions of the lever of the selector


At the included ignition on a control panel there is an indication of actual position of the lever of the selector. On the given illustration position “D” is shown.

Р lay blocking

Driving wheels are blocked. Lay blocking can be included only on the motionless car.

R backing transfer

Backing transfer include only at the motionless car and at engine work in an idling mode.

At the included ignition and a finding of the lever of the selector in position “R” backing headlights burn.

N neutral position (idling position)

Establish the selector lever in the given position only at long breaks of movement.

D a substantive provision at advance

Switching on raised and hill-climbing gears of a forward course is carried out automatically, depending on loading of the engine, speed and the program.

In a movement mode under certain conditions happens more preferably temporarily to translate the selector lever in one of нижеописываемых positions.

4 position for movement on hilly roads

The given position is recommended at frequent switching from 4th transfer on 5th and back when the selector lever is in the basic position “D”.
5th transfer is blocked. Thanks to it the brake effect of the engine a little raises at the released pedal of an accelerator.

3 position for movement in mountains

The given position approaches for overcoming of long descents and liftings.
4th and 5th transfers are blocked. It will allow to avoid useless switching on the raised transfers and to increase brake effect of the engine.

2 position for overcoming of abrupt biases

This position is recommended for overcoming of liftings and descents with exclusively big bias of a longitudinal profile – especially at movement with the trailer.

The car moves only on 1st and 2nd transfer. It allows to avoid useless switching on the raised transfers and the maximum brake effect of the engine is reached.
ATTENTION

At manual switching on hill-climbing gears it is possible to establish the selector lever in positions “4”, “3” and “2”. However automatics will be switched only after becomes impossible разносное increase in turns of the engine.



Device Kikc-down

Device Kikc-down allows to realise the maximum acceleration. By sharp pressing of a pedal of an accelerator with transition of a point of resistance automatics is switched to a hill-climbing gear depending on turns and speed. Switching on the following raised transfer occurs only on reaching the maximum number of turns of the engine.

Maintenance instructions

Engine start


The engine can be got only at a finding of the lever of the selector in position “N” or “Р”. Address also to subsection the Lock of ignition and engine start.

Choice of a mode of movement

Before a choice of a mode of movement of the motionless car with working engine always press a brake pedal.
At the switching which is carried out to трогания from a place, do not press an accelerator pedal.

At inadvertent switching of the lever in position “N” during movement before to return to the necessary mode of movement of a forward course, dump gas and wait falling of turns before idling.
ATTENTION

Irrespective of the chosen mode of movement, at the working engine keep the car a foot brake as even in an idling mode kinematic communication of the engine with wheels does not disappear completely – the car "creeps".
At the motionless car with the included mode of movement at all do not add gas (for example, a hand in подкапотном space). Otherwise the car will start to move at once, is possible even at the tightened manual brake.
Before the beginning of works with working engine translate the selector lever in position “Р” and tighten a manual brake.



Трогание from a place

Include the necessary mode of movement. Wait, while automatics will execute inclusion, having created power short circuit of a transmission with driving wheels (at the moment of inclusion we will feel a little push). Only after that add gas.

Stop


At short-term stops, for example, at traffic lights to be switched in neutral position “N” it is not necessary. To keep the car a brake enough. However the engine thus should work only in an idling mode.

Parking

At a stop out of the blue it is enough to include lay blocking. If the road has a bias, at first tighten a manual brake, and then include lay blocking. Thanks to it loading decreases for the mechanism of blocking and its subsequent deenergizing is facilitated.

The emergency program

At malfunction of system automatics is switched to the emergency program. About it fire / extinction all segments on a display board signals at once.

After that it is possible to translate the selector lever in all positions. However in positions “D, 4, 3, 2” 4th transfer will join.
Probably also inclusion of transfer of a backing.

At transmission switching on emergency operation as soon as possible address on HUNDRED Audi.

Electronic blocking of transfer of a backing at work in emergency operation is disconnected.

In emergency operation the manual program of switchings is disconnected.
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