Opel Kadett E

1984-1991 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Kadett E
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Weekly checks and service in a way
+ 3. Maintenance service
+ 4. The engine
+ 5. System of cooling, heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 7. Start and gymnastics system
+ 8. Ignition system
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Transmissions and power shafts
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. A suspension bracket and a steering
- 13. A body
   13.1. A technical characteristics
   13.2. Care of a body
   13.3. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
   13.4. Repair of strong damages of a body
   + 13.5. A cowl
   13.6. Removal and installation of forward furnish of the car
   13.7. Removal and installation of back furnish of the car
   13.8. Removal and installation of a forward wing
   13.9. Removal and installation обтекателя a windscreen
   + 13.10. Doors
   13.11. Removal and installation of a cover of a luggage carrier and торсионов
   13.12. Replacement of components of the lock of a cover of a luggage carrier
   13.13. A windscreen
   13.14. Removal and installation of back slightly opened glass
   13.15. Replacement of consolidation of back slightly opened glass
   13.16. Replacement of an external rear-view mirror
   + 13.17. Seats
   13.18. Removal and installation of headrests
   13.19. Removal of furnish of a luggage space
   13.20. Removal and installation of the central console
   13.21. Removal and installation of a ware box
   13.22. Replacement of seat belts
   13.23. Check and hatch service
   - 13.24. The electric equipment of a body
      13.24.1. A technical characteristics
      13.24.2. Electric chains
      - 13.24.3. Detection of not closed chain
         13.24.3.1. Detection of rupture of a chain
         13.24.3.2. Detection of a source of short circuit
         13.24.3.3. Detection of bad grounding
      13.24.4. Fuses and the relay
      13.24.5. Replacement of switches
      13.24.6. Removal and installation of sound signals
      13.24.7. Removal and installation of hours
      13.24.8. Removal and installation прикуривателя
      + 13.24.9. A combination of devices
      13.24.10. Removal and installation of a cable of a drive of a speedometer
      13.24.11. Replacement of bulbs
      13.24.12. Removal and installation of the block of a headlight / of the index of turns
      13.24.13. Adjustment of light of headlights
      + 13.24.14. The onboard computer
      + 13.24.15. System of the central blocking
      13.24.16. Seats with heating
      13.24.17. Removal and installation of contact plates and probes of a back door
      13.24.18. Removal and installation of levers and brushes of screen wipers
      13.24.19. Removal and installation of the engine of a screen wiper and draught
      13.24.20. Removal and installation of the engine of a back screen wiper
      13.24.21. Washers of wind and back glass
      13.24.22. Removal and installation of a radio receiver from a player of cartridges
      13.24.23. Removal and installation of loudspeakers
+ 14. Electric schemes





13.24.3. Detection of not closed chain
THE GENERAL DATA

The usual electric chain consists of an electric element, switches, the relay, engines, safety locks, automatic switches, wires and sockets which connect an electric element to the accumulator and a body. For the help by search of sources of malfunction of system of an electric equipment in section 14 schemes of an electric equipment of the car are resulted.

Before to try to define a malfunction source, study the corresponding scheme of an electric equipment for representation reception about the elements established in this chain. The circle of possible sources of malfunction can be narrowed if to check up functioning of other elements entering into the given chain. If some elements or chains fail simultaneously the problem, obviously, consists in a safety lock, the general for these chains or elements, or contact to a body.

Electric problems are usually caused by the simple reasons, such, as the weakened or rusted sockets, absence of contact to a body, the fused safety locks, the fused burnt through crosspiece or the faulty relay. Visually check up a condition of all safety locks, wires and sockets in the failed chain before to start check of other elements. Use schemes of an electric equipment for that definition what of trailer clips are necessary for checking up for detection of a source of malfunction.

The basic tools necessary for detection of a source of malfunction, the tester or the voltmeter (a bulb on 12 volt and the pair of wires with probeами on the ends also can be used for carrying out of some checks) are; an ohmmeter; the battery and a set of wires with probeами, накидной a puncture, it is desirable with the automatic switch or a safety lock which is used for detour of checked wires or elements.

For detection of the reason of unreliable work any of elements (usually because of bad connection, pollution of contacts or the damaged isolation), it is possible to inspect stirring of wires. It is necessary to shake a wire by a hand to check up, whether there is a malfunction at wire movement. Such method it is possible to narrow a circle of possible sources of malfunction to any wire.

Along with problems because of bad connection of wires two basic types of malfunctions in electric equipment system – the opened chain or short circuit can take place.

Problems with the opened chain appear as a result of breakage in an electric equipment chain that interrupts current course. The opened chain will cause switching-off of an element of an electric equipment.

Problems with short circuit are caused by short circuit of a site of a chain that leads to leak of a current from other chain, usually directly on a body. Short circuit is usually caused by rupture of isolation of wires that allows a wire to concern other wire or any earthed element, for example, bodies. Short circuit usually leads перегоранию a corresponding safety lock.

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