Before to start check of a condition of a starter make sure of completeness of a charge of the battery.
1. If the starter does not rotate at ignition key turn in position START, first of all, make sure that the selector lever is in position «Р» or «N» (models with АТ) / the coupling pedal is completely squeezed out (models with РКПП).
2. Check up level of a charge of the battery, estimate a condition and reliability of fastening of contact plugs of the battery and a starter.
3. If the starter rotates regularly, however the engine is not turned, it is necessary to replace assemblage of a drive with обгонной муфтой.
4. If the starter is not turned, despite a serviceable clicking of the traction relay, the cause of a failure can be covered in falling of level of a charge of the storage battery, oxidation of the main contact plugs of a starter, or failure actually the electromotor стартерной assemblages. The probability of jamming of the engine is not excluded also.
5. If at поворачивании a key of any clicks it is not audible, it is necessary to check up a condition of the battery, a protective fusible insert/safety lock of a chain of start and the relay of inclusion of a starter. Probably, actually magnetic actuator is faulty.
The site of the relay of inclusion of a starter can vary depending on a year of release of model. More often it is established under a forward overlay of a threshold of a driver's door, in other cases is located in the assembly block of safety locks/relays located in an impellent compartment.
6. For check of the traction relay establish a wire-crosspiece between the positive plug of the battery and the plug of the switch of ignition (the small size) on assemblage of the magnetic actuator. If now the starter starts to rotate, hence, the traction relay as it should be and should be passed to check of a condition of the switch of ignition, the gauge-switch of the permission of start/disconnection of a chain of a starter and connecting electroconducting.
7. If direct giving of a food on the magnetic actuator does not lead to starter operation, remove assemblage of the traction relay and make its dismantle, check and regenerative repair.
8. If the starter is turned too slowly, first of all, make sure of completeness of level of a charge of the battery and reliability of fastening of contact plugs of connecting electroconducting. Partial jamming of the engine, no less than refuelling by its excessively dense oil, also can be at the bottom of the given infringement.
9. Start the engine and warm up it to normal working temperature, then disunite contact sockets of electroconducting primary (НВ) a contour on bobbin assemblage.
10. Connect a positive wire of the voltmeter to the positive plug of the battery, negative - to negative.
11. Turn the engine a starter (not боле than 15 seconds on end) and consider voltmeter indications right after their stabilisation. At a normal rate проворачивания the engine a starter the result of measurement should make the voltmeter about 9 V.Esli registers pressure in 9 In or more, however the engine is turned too slowly, it is necessary to check up an electromotor condition стартерной assemblages. At excessively low results of measurement and weak speed проворачивания the unit it is necessary to check up starter plugs on presence of signs of a burn-out. The probability of damage actually the assemblage electromotor (insufficiency of level of a charge of the battery and a bad condition клеммных connections is excluded at the first stage of check) is not excluded also.