Subaru Legacy/Outback

1999-2003 of release

Repair and car operation

Subaru Legasi, Autbek
+ Cars Subaru Legacy, Outback
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Removal/installation, check and service of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of wires of the battery
   Ignition system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of system of ignition
   Removal, installation and check of a condition of the module (it) of ignition
   Check and adjustment of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition
   Replacement of gauges CKP, CMP and KS
   Service and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a condition of high-voltage wires (4-cylinder engines)
   Charge system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of a condition of system of a charge
   The generator - the general information, check and service
   Removal, dismantling, assemblage and generator installation
   Start system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of a starter and start chain
   Starter Nippondenso - check and service
   Starters Mitsubishi - check and service
+ Manual box and differential
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Starter Nippondenso - check and service

Design of starter Nippondenso 128000-8321

1 — Vtulchatyj the bearing
2 — the Forward cover
3 — Lever assemblage
4 — the Traction relay (the magnetic actuator)
5 — Persistent elements
6 — Obgonnaja муфта
7 — Reduktornaja assemblage
8 — the Shaft приводной gear wheels
9 — Privodnaja a gear wheel

10 — the Sealant
11 — Mufta
12 — the Steel ball
13 — the Anchor
14 — ShChetkoderzhatel
15 — the Bearing
16 — the Back cover
17 — the Through bolt

Removal and installation


1. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery.
2. Remove воздухоприемную the chamber (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
3. Disconnect from a starter electroconducting (a plait and the grounding tyre).

4. Turn out fixing bolts and remove a starter from a transmission dome.

5. Installation is made upside-down. Tighten bolts of fastening of a starter to transmission with demanded effort (50 Nanometers).

Dismantling and assemblage


1. Loosen the nuts of fastening of plug "M" of the traction relay also disunite a contact socket of electroconducting.

A — Plug M
B — Plug B
C — Plug S

2. Turn out fixing bolts and remove the traction relay from a starter in assemblage with плунжером and плунжерной a spring.

 On a basic surface of the actuator the washer of adjustment of a backlash of a gear wheel can be established, - try not to drop it!

A — the Traction relay
B — Plunzher

3. Turn out coupling bolts and fastening screws щеткодержателя, then remove a back cover of a starter and щеткодержатель.

A — the Back cover
B — ShChetkoderzhatel

4. Take from статора an anchor and муфту. Remove established in a face part of anchor assemblage a ball, - try not to drop it.

 The anchor has considerable weight! Before removal муфты mark its position concerning a forward cover!

5. Remove a sealant (A), three planetary gear wheels and a plate.

A — Sealant A
B — Planetary gear wheels
C — the Plate
D — Sealant B

6. Remove a shaft in gathering with обгонной муфтой, - try to remember adjusting position of lever assemblage.

7. Remove обгонную муфту from a shaft for what, slightly tapping with the suitable tool on an emphasis, remove it from a ring, then take a lock ring, an emphasis and remove муфту from a shaft.

A — the Face key
B — the Ring
C — the Shaft
D — the Emphasis

8. Assemblage is spent upside-down. Track, that all components have been established on the regular places. The components listed more low grease with greasing of type Esso Beacon 325 Shell Alvania Grease RA:

a) Forward and back bearings;
b) the Gear wheel of a shaft of an anchor;
c) the Surface плунжера;
d) a lever Surface;
e) Grooves of a shaft of a gear wheel;
f) the Surface of the lever and обгонной муфты;
g) the Ball at an end face of a shaft of an anchor;
h) Internal components of planetary transfer.
9. Having finished assemblage, make sure of correctness of functioning of a starter.




1. Check up a collector on presence of signs of burning or step deterioration. Insignificant defects can be eliminated by means of a fine-grained emery paper.

2. Lay an anchor in V-shaped prisms and with the help циферблатного a measuring instrument плунжерного type estimate size of radial palpation of a collector. In case of need give assemblage in проточку.

 Minor defects can be removed from a surface of a collector by processing by its fine-grained emery paper.

A — Tsiferblatnyj a measuring instrument
B — the Prism

3. Check up depth подрезки isolation between ламелями a collector, - if the result of measurement makes less than 0.2 mm, make corresponding updating, having taken advantage for this purpose ножовочным of a cloth.

A — Lamel
B — Isolation

4. Using a special tester for revealing of short-circuited coils, check up anchor windings on presence of signs of short circuit between ламелями a collector. If short circuit takes place, the current in the device will alternate with a return current, and the anchor winding will be magnetised. A sign of magnetisation of a winding is vibration of a metal plate, подносимой to a checked site.

 Before the check beginning it is necessary to remove completely from a surface of windings a coal touch and other adjournment.

A — the Iron plate
B — the Directing adaptation

4. Check up on breakdown isolation between a collector and the anchor core, - measured resistance should make not less than 10 МОм.



By means of an ohmmeter check up a condition of a winding of excitation статора.

Обгонная муфта


1. Attentively examine working surfaces of teeths of leading and parasitic gear wheels, and also gear wheels обгонной муфты. At revealing having chopped off or signs of excessive deterioration обгонная муфта is subject to replacement in gathering, - in parallel it is necessary to study a condition of a gear wreath of a flywheel.
2. Check up rotation freedom обгонной муфты in a direction clockwise, - counter-clockwise муфта should not to rotate.

 In avoidance вытекания greasing do not apply to cleaning обгонной муфты oil!

Щеткодержатель and brushes


1. Measure residual length of coal brushes, - if the result of measurement makes less than 11.5 mm (rating value = 17.0 mm), brushes are subject to replacement.

2. By means of an ohmmeter measure resistance of isolation щеткодержателя. If the result of measurement makes less than 10 МОм, replace the holder.

3. Check up freedom of a course of brushes in directing holder.

The traction relay


 Described below check should be made at strictly stipulated pressure! Duration of each check should not exceed 5 seconds!

Make sure available conductivity between plugs "S" and M, and also between plug "S" and weight. Make sure of absence of conductivity between plugs "M" and B.

Starter performance data


1. For maintenance of the guaranteed start of the engine in any weather conditions it is necessary for starter to develop high turns of rotation and enough big twisting moment. The listed characteristics to a great extent depend on level of a charge of the storage battery in view of what starter check should be made with application of the battery completely meeting on the performance data requirements of Specifications.

2. Starter check is made in three modes (see further). The scheme of connection of measuring devices is shown on an illustration.

A — the Variable resistor
B — the Traction relay
C — the starter Case

Test without loading


Connect to the starter disconnected from the engine the serviceable storage battery and measure frequency of rotation, pressure and a starter current. Compare results of measurements to requirements of Specifications.

Test under loading (a recommended method)


During the given test check of a twisting moment developed by a starter is made. Check is made on the special test bed, the equipped adaptation for applying of brake effort. Compare results of measurement to requirements of Specifications.

Test under loading with applying of the brake moment (an alternative method)


 Low frequency of rotation, or excessive current can be a consequence of the raised factor of an internal friction of a starter as a result of wrong assemblage of its components.

Check is made on the same, as earlier the test bed in which the anchor стартерной assemblages this time is blocked. During check measurement of control parametres is made, - compare results of measurements to requirements of Specifications.

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